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Additional Class Assignment for 199.1

Posted by Brian C. Ventura on July 9, 2010

To make sure that previous undergraduate researches by political science students are taken into account the class will be assigned to list the title, author and abstract of the previous topics starting from 2004, seven years back. Post your output as a comment below. The assignment should be finished by thursday the end of next week (July 15)

Follow this assignment.

2004-Andal and Bacaoco

2005-Caburlan and Domonguez

2006-Duero and Gallos N.

2007-Gallos Y and Magbanua

2008-Palanecia and Palomo

2009- Sibug and Tabernilla

2010-Torrato and Villaneuva

This activity is intended to ensure that previous topics are not repeated and so that the class is a aware of what have been done previously by other students.

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13 Responses to “Additional Class Assignment for 199.1”

  1. Maycee Palencia said

    2008 PS Undergraduate Research Studies

    Barluado, Bonifar Jr. A. and Maria Cecilia S. Maquirang

    “Homosexual Organization Networking Strategies and Abilities in a Participatory Democracy: A Case Study of Butterfly Brigade’s Advocacy Campaign on STI/RTI/HIV/AIDS Prevention in Aklan Province”

    This is a study about Butterfly Brigade, a homosexual organization in Aklan Province. It explains how Butterfly Brigade interacts with the local government within the venues and spaces provided for it. It describes how Butterfly Brigade forms linkage and networks of support with local government units and other organizations in formulating strategies and in mobilizing for their legal goal under various cooperative frameworks.
    The mode of data collection was through personal interviews and also includes the information from written materials and organizational files of the Butterfly Brigade. The study was conducted in Boracay Island, Municipality of Malay where the Butterfly Brigade has a considerable number o0f activities related to its AIDS Awareness program.
    Butterfly Brigade interacts with the local government by being a number of the Provincial AIDS Council (PAC). The Local Government of Aklan provides Butterfly Brigade a legitimate role in policy making through PAC. Butterfly Brigade creates a network of linkages with Provincial Government of Aklan, UNFDA, DKT-Philippines, school administration activities under various AIDS and STD related campaigns. Conservative institutions like the Catholic Church has opposed Butterfly Brigade activity.

    Bartolome, Carie Fel M. and Emalyn S. Sotrina

    “The Role of Key Actors in the Promotion of Local Community Development: The Case of Kalahi-Cidss in Janiuay, Iloilo”

    This research is centered on the research problem – what are the roles of the key actors in the promotion of local community development in the case of the Kapit-bisig Laban Sa Kahirapan-Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services (Kalahi-Cidss) projects in the municipality of Janiua, Iloilo. Firstly, there is a need to explain local community development in the Kalahi-Cidss projects in Janiuay, Iloilo. Next, the paper proceeds to describe the resources that are being employed in Kalahi-Cidss in Janiuay in order to meet its goals. Then, the paper directs on the description of the roles of the key actors in the Kalahi-Cidss projects in Janiuay, Iloilo. The last objective of this paper is to describe the developmental outcomes brought by the projects to the people of Janiuay.
    The research problem and objectives of the paper were addressed through desk research, secondary material review, project site inspection, informal interviews with the barangay residents, and key informant interview with the Kalahi-Area Coordinator in Janiuay. The method of triangulation was used to avail more complete and more reliable data with less validity threats. It was found out that the Kalahi-Cidss is the flagship program of the Philippine government in addressing poverty in the country. Its foundation lies on the understanding that when people are empowered, they have the capability to spare themselves from poverty. Resources being employed in order to meet the goals of the project were categorized into proximate and non-proximate interventions. Three barangays in Janiuay were studied. The roles of the key actors in each barangay were described in the paper. The roles of the three actors in the three barangays were compared with each other and assessed in relation to the success of the Kalahi-Cidss projects in each respective community. The project success and developmental outcomes depended largely on how these two actors collaborated with each other. However, most essential in the actual process was how the former performed their task as leaders of the community. Barangay officials are the initiators of local community development through the Kalahi-Cidss.

    Casador, Angeli Ness P. and Angelo Karlo Guillen

    “Inter-group Dynamics Within Ad Hoc Coalitions in the Province of Iloilo ”

    This paper is a study on the dynamics within two ad hoc coalitions in Iloilo City, namely Hugpong Transport and Save Our Lives, SOS!. These coalitions emerged in response to the Iloilo Perimeter Boundary Ordinance (PBO) and the Guimaras Oil Spill, respectively. The paper examined five aspects of ad hoc coalitions – the process formation, decision-making, the emergence of problems that threaten their stability, the mechanisms by which coalitions react to these problems, and the main differences and similarities between sectoral and multi-sectoral coalitions. Through interviews with tw2enty respondents from both coalitions and their member-groups, the study compared the way these two formations operated. The most striking features of ad hoc coalitions are contained in the processes of decision-making, which follows the principle of consensus-building, and coalition formation and maintenance, which involves continuous alliance work. In all aspects of coalition-building, member groups were classified as either core groups of periphery or periphery groups depending on their level of participation. Apart from differences in the membership base, sectoral and multi-sectoral coalitions operate according to similar processes and principles and encounter more or less the same problems.

    Colindres, Louiege M and John Niño Rey Ocmeja

    “A Comparative Study of Middle Class Household Helpers in Rural and Urban Areas Recruited Through Informal Networks in the Similarities and Differences of their Treatment as well as the Awareness of their Rights as Workers”

    The study compared the working and living conditions as well as awareness of legal rights of the middle class household helpers recruited through informal networks in rural and urban areas. Thirty one household helpers from Alta Tierra Village, Jaro, Iloilo and 30 helpers from Brgy. Mat-y in Miagao, Iloilo were surveyed.
    Both set of helpers are treated well by their employers. They are fed regularly and are given a day off. However, they are not provided health insurance and social security by their employers. More rural helpers work longer hours and receive less wages. However, most rural helpers argue that regular medical checkup compared to urban workers.
    The helpers are aware of their rights yet they exhibit tolerance for verbal abuse. In general, urban helpers posted higher awareness of benefits, rights and fair treatment than their rural counterparts. Except for minimum wage and medical checkup, no significant difference exists between urban and rural helpers.

    Dollosa, Viviera S. and Zendy Evans G. Guillergan

    “The Involvement of a Panay-Based Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) in the Promotion of Corporate Social Responsibilty”

    This study looked into the involvement of a Madia-as Ecological Movement (MEM), a-Panay-based environmental NGO, in the promotion of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). MEM dealt with Petron for the Guimaras oil spill and Mindoro Resource Limited Gold, a mining company that conducted exploration activities and proposed mining operations in Pan de Azucar Island, Concepcion. To induce CSR from the target companies, Madia-as employed and indirect usage strategy against Petron, wherein it used the government and civil society to pressure the oil company to pay for the damages brought about by the oil spill. In pursuit of its goals of stopping the exploration activities in Concepcion, MEM utilized an indirect withholding strategy which involved withholding an important resource (i.e. mining exploration permit) from MRL Gold. Although Petron and MRL Gold responded to the tactics of MEM, the latter was unable to gain control over the resources needed by the target companies which would have served as leverage for MEM against Petron and MRL Gold. Consequently they were not able to manipulate power relations and compel the target companies to meet their demands.

    Estares, Corazon C. and Denil Maria P. Gegrimal

    “Airport Concern Alliance Against the Construction of Iloilo International Airport”

    The Construction of New Iloilo International Airport affected 452 families in the towns of Cabatuan, Sta. Barabara and San Miguel. The Department of Transportation and Communication (DOTC) is the government institution that is in-charge of this project, which promised to provide the affected families with free relocation site, livelihood trainings and consultations, and prioritization in the airport employment under the 400-milllion pesos Comprehensive Assistance Program (CAP) for the Project Affected Families (PAF). Because of the lengthy delays in the negotiations over the price of the land, local government officials intervened promising the affected families with free house and lot packages, and strongly urged them to agree with the 65 pesos per sq meter land price. In the implementation of the airport project, the free house and lot packages were not by the local officials. As a result, the Airport Concern Alliance (ACA) was formed as initiated by Sanlakas, Partido ng Manggagawa and KPML. Their mobilization started a series of rallies in front of Iloilo Provincial Capitol, expropriation proceedings and barricading the main entry points of the airport which paralyzed the construction. Because of the groups’ mobilization, the DOTC coordinated with the National Housing Authority (NHA) providing the affected families a free relocation site and a Php50,000.00 housing material loan.

    Fernandez, Myra May R. and Ma. Thea Lynn G. Ledesma

    “The Dynamics of International Organization in Assisting Children of Poor Local Communities”

    This study examined the local programs for children in Iloilo and Antique funded by UNICEF and World Vision. It describes the kind of aid assistance provided by these organizations to children in the local communities. It also probes the underlying factors and dynamics in the relationship between these foreign donors and the local beneficiaries. The roles of local partners in selecting beneficiaries and dispensing benefits as well as the challenges encountered during the implementation of the programs are explored. This also compares UNICEF and World Vision’s process of selecting beneficiaries and the way these organizations implement their programs.
    The participants of the study were the program administrators of UNICEF in PPDO-Antique and its administrators in Barangay Funda Dalipe, San Jose de Buenavista, Antique as well as the World Vision-RSAI, Inc. program administrators in Iloilo City, and its implementers in Barangay Sto. Niño Norte, Arevalo, Iloilo City. Three sets of questionnaires were utilized in this study. The first set was intended for World Vision; the second was for Provincial Planning and Development Office of Antique and Rising Sun Association of Iloilo, Incorporated and; the third set was for the local partners in the barangay, the Barangay Council for the Protection of Children and United Norte for the Children’s future.
    The findings showed that there were differences in the dynamics of UNICEF and World Vision in terms of selecting community, children beneficiaries, and local partners. These organizations also differ in term of program priority and type of donors. These differences can be traced back to the nature of these organizations. The partners of UNICEF and World Vision also vary in their functions as the local partner of World Vision sets the criteria in the selection of its beneficiaries contrary to that of the UNICEF.

    Fusin, Leslie P. and Ada Veronica C. Grecia

    “The Formulation of the Coastal Resource Management Plan of Oton, Iloilo”

    The study aimed to describe the CRM planning process of Oton, Iloilo in relation to the existing coastal management process adapted for Philippine local government. It also determined the type of participation of subsistence fisher folks in the formulation of the Coastal Resource Management Plan. Participation is an important aspect in the process of formulating the CRM Plan. The use of interviews, survey questionnaires and secondary sources made possible the conduct of the study on the formulation of the Coastal Resource Management Plan of Oton, Iloilo. The data and the information that were gathered gave insights which was able to enlighten how theory worked vis-à-vis the practice of formulating the Coastal Resource Management Plan of the municipality of Oton. The fisher folks’ participation was determined through surveys. Their types of participation were then categorized into Consultative, Functional and Interactive type of participation. In the municipality of Oton, the prescribed CRM Planning Process was not followed due to the lack of interest in the local government to implement effective programs pertaining to CRM. The dominant form of participation of the fisher folks was that of the Consultative type of participation, this was passive form of participation. Coastal Management is a long, detailed process. As a basic service of the local government, its benevolent aims equaled the weight of the procedure that needs to be followed. Dedication and patience should be greatly expended on the process of formulating the plan. Participation also is an important aspect in the process of formulating the CRM Plan. In order to enhance community participation as an ingredient of a successful CRM, proper value should be given to public education and awareness raising of the members of the community.

    Goco, Natasha Kim N.

    “The Role of POs and LGU in Addressing Tiempos Muertos in Three Haciendas in La Castellana, Negros Occidental”

    The research had the following objectives: 1) to identify the programs and policies of the LGU in addressing the scarcity of food and unemployment during the Tiempos Muertos in LA Castellana, Negros Occidental; 2) to identify the material and human resources allocated by POs and the LGU for the said programs and policies; 3) to assess the effectiveness of the measures initiated by the local government and POs in addressing the problem of the sugarcane workers in La Castellana during the Tiempos Muertos and; 4) to determine the lessons learned from measures to address the problem. Respondents were selected from the three haciendas covered in the study.
    Results showed that workers in three haciendas both utilize individual and group efforts in addressing the problem during the Tiempos Muertos, with group efforts more adequately addressing the problem. Adequate resources in initiating measures had been found very essential in the determination of the effectivity of the measures. POs received support from non-governmental organizations, government agencies and private individuals and institutions. Diversification of crops and provision of livelihood projects were seen to address the problem more. The research recommended that a more quantitative research could further enhance the results of the study.

  2. nuelene said

    Sir to be followed lang ang abstract tomorrow

    List of Undergraduate Thesis for Year 2006

    1. The Perceived Responsiveness of Laws and Policies Addressing the Social Concerns, Needs, and Problems of South Korean Students Undertaking a Non-Degree Course in the City of Iloilo by Abastillas, Christine Joy and Shena Marie Armenta (Polsci-Psych)

    2. Interest Group Politics Behind the Proposed Construction of the Coal Fired Power Plant in Banate by Belgira, Rhoan Louiege and Lester Villanueva

    3. Prospects for Peace among the Fraternities in UP Visayas Miag-ao Campus by Callmoso, Lyndon F.

    4. An assessment of the Land Transportation and Franchising and Regulatory Board’s (LTFRB) efficiency and Effectiveness in the Enforcement of the Prescribed Fare Matrix by Ferando, Arlene and Lhyni Leda (Polsci- Mgmt)

    5. The Level of Environmental Management Competency of the Local Chief Executives in the Northwest Panay Peninsula by Layanilbo, Brian and Rene Alvin Oquendo

    6. Women detainees in Bacolod City: Their Percepetions and Concerns Regarding the Right to be Free from Sexual Harassment by Luolez, Kriska and Marie M. Gowezt (Polsci-Psych)

    7. Iloilo CODE NGOs Experience in the Advancement of Nine (9) Barangay Development Councils in the Municipality of Batad by Llorca, Andrew Raymond G. (Polsci-Hist)

    8. The Sustainability of Participatory Local Governance in Barangay Quinangyana, Bingawan by Londres, Louie Marie and Natasha Daza (Polsci-Psych)

    9. Men’s Knowledge, Perception, Attitude and Practice Related to Family Planning: A comparative Study of Barangay Veteran’s Village and Barangay Danao in Iloilo City by Matiling, Lorraine Kier and Jonie Rey Paclibar

    10. Exploring the Local Dispute Resolution Mechanisms and Disputant’s Perspective Concerning the Siete Pecados Issue by Tortola, Niezel Anen (Polsci-Socio)

  3. Elaine F. Villanueva and Leanne Marie Torrato said

    2010 Political Science Undergraduate Research Studies

    Baes, Marty

    “Court-annexed Mediation: Fair and Speedy Administration of Justice in the Philippines”

    The Philippine Judicial System experiences a problem characterized by clogged court dockets. Courts are having a hard time in resolving the cases brought before them. Court-annexed mediation (CAM) was adopted to supplement the traditional due process (DPL) method of resolving cases. To understand how CAM speeds up the administration of justice, The CAM and DPL method was compared to determine the differences in the length of time and the amount of resources spent for case resolution. Interviews, archival research, and participant observations were conducted. The results revealed that CAM resolve cases in a short period of time involving lesser amount of resources spent compared to the DPL method. Though CAM proves to be a speedy and expedient method of case resolution, it is not yet able to solve the problem of clogged court dockets for the reason that it still a new method of resolving cases.

    Bedia, Laurice Amy

    “THE WEALTHY AND THE WELL-BORN: HOW POLITICAL ELITE AFFECTS FACTION FORMATION”

    This paper is a study on the roles of two types of political elites, the landed elites and the business elites, on the different stages of fraction formation. Factions are formed because of the desire of the politicians to win in elections. The stages of fraction formation are the recruitment of members and the selection of candidates for elections, definition of faction activities, decision-making on local policies and ordinances and the management of resource flow for the survival of the faction. The ways the two types of elites affect faction formation since the resources available to them also vary. Through interviews with sixteen political elites, eight of which were landed elites and eight were business elites, the study was able to determine the ways in which political elites affect faction formation. Landed elites affect faction formation by influencing the recruitment of members and decision-making of local ordinances through their financial contributions, experiences, and political support from relatives in politics and business partners. Business elites, on the other hand, affect faction formation through providing significant financial contributions for faction activities and recruitment of members. The diversity of the resources of landed elites enables them to have greater effect over faction formation.

    Engada, Hernando

    “Amor Patria: Portrayal of the Nation in the Elementary Social Studies Textbooks”

    Social Studies Textbooks have been identified as very important in the construction and the portrayal of th nation. This study was conducted in order to identify the process of how the idea of the nation is being portrayed in th social studies textbooks and what schools of nationalism guides them in their portrayal. A content analysis of the six elementary social studies textbooks was conducted in orde3r to identify how the nation is portrayed. The different elements of the nation that was identified by the theorists of the nation, serve as the basis in the construction of the content analysis guide. A frequency method was used to find out how many times these elements were mentioned in the textbooks. It was found out that the idea of nation being portrayed is more civic nationalist than primordalist in orientation. However, this study found out that there is no school of nationalism that predominate the social studies textbooks because of the presence of elements from both schools of nationalism in the topmost mentioned elements. The results revealed that these social studies textbooks portrayed the idea of the nation from both school of nationalism.

    Rojas, Angelica

    “ANAKBAYAN and Public Opinion Towards Basic Essential Services”

    Every SMO has its own methods in communicating its advocacy to the public. These methods help in shaping public opinion towards a certain issue. The problem then, is how does SMOs shape public opinion? The research paper will look into these methods and the kind of opinions being generated. The paper chose In order to answer the research problem the study has conducted three (3) methodologies, namely, in-depth interview, content analysis and survey. Based on the methodologies, the paper has presented the two methods in shaping the public opinion, the direct and indirect methods. The use of direct method means the use of face-to-face interaction in communicating their advocacy to the public. The use of indirect method, on the other hand, is the use of media both the old and new one to advance the organization’s advocacy to the people. The important implication generated from the paper is that the kind of methods employed by the SMO will be useless if it could not be received by the target community or audience. The SMOs should make sure that their target community or audience are able to access and participate in the methods they employ.

  4. Edilyn said

    2007 PS Undergraduate Research Studies
    -Magbanua and Y Gallos

    Title: Self-esteem, Academic Performance and Views on Single Parenting of Adolescents from Single-Parent Families

    Author: Valencia, Ma. Jessica B.; Palabrica, Francis John C.

    Abstract: The study sought to describe the self-esteem, academic performance and views on single parenting of adolescents from single-parent families. Thirty (30) college students with ages 15 to 22 were conveniently sampled from different universities within Iloilo City. A Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale was used to determine their level of self-esteem and their general weighted average was used to measure their academic performance. A questionnaire was developed to study their views on single parenting.

    It was found out that adolescents from single-parent families have high level of self-esteem. They are average performers in school. They viewed single parenting as a hard work which entails emotional and economic burden for both the ingle parent and the children. From their own experiences, they observed that single parenting promotes greater cohesion among its family members.

    Title: Schools and Mass Media as Political Socialization Agents of National Identity: A Case Study Of a Rural Public High School

    Author: Farinas, Ferlan L.

    Abstract: This study was undertaken to examine the national identity of the students of San Nicolas National High School. The specific objectives of the study are: (1) to know the curricular and extra-curricular efforts of the school to foster sense of Filipino identity to the students; (2) to describe the effects of the school’s efforts to the national identity of the students; (3) to describe the frequency of the mass media exposure of the students; (4) to describe the effects of mass media to the national identity of the students; and (5) to identify the trends that characterize the national identity of the students.

    Sixty (60) respondents were used in this study, randomly selected from the second, third and fourth year levels of the school. Three instruments were used which include interview guide questions for the teachers and the schools principal and a survey questionnaire for the students. The curriculum used by the school was also analyzed by the researcher. A revised National Identity Scale based on the scale of Dr. Doronila and Dr. Asong was constructed by the researcher. Suggestions of teachers from the University of the Philippines Visayas and the result of a pre-testing were considered in constructing the scale. It is composed of sixteen (16) orientations and thirty-nine (39) items.

    After careful analysis of the data gathered, the researcher came up with several conclusions. First, the curriculum used by the school has components that promote national identity. The selected teachers’ pedagogy and the school’s curricular and extracurricular activities also promote the various orientations and topics that reflect national identity. The overall effect of the school to the national identity of the students is positive. The year level of the students has a small positive effect on the level of their national identity, which means that the higher the year level of a student, the more likely that his/her national identity is higher. The students’ exposure to mass media (i.e. television, radio and book) is low and most often to programs and texts that are less likely to promote sense of national identity. However, they are also considerably exposed to programs and texts that promote national identity such as news programs and textbooks. Overall mass media has a small negative effect on the national identity of the students. However, television and book exposure alone have positive effect to national identity. Radio exposure has greater effect on national identity but negative. The level of national identity of the students is either high or moderate.

  5. Nesgen said

    2005 PS Undergraduate Research Studies

    Title: Prospects for a reproductive health care program in the Iloilo Rehabilitation Center (IRC): Women inmates’ and IRC officials’ perceptions and recommendations
    Author: Alegre, Julie Anne; Amase, Jaisa Mhe
    Abstract: The study aimed to determine how women inmates and IRC officials understand the concept of reproductive health and what factors influenced such understanding. It likewise sought to find out the perceptions of women inmates with regards Prospective RH Program in the IRC and their recommendations for effective program implementation. It also sought to determine the IRC officials’ view regarding a Prospective RH Program as well as their suggestions for an effective program implementation. Using purposive sampling, fourteen women inmates and six IRC implementation. Using purposive sampling, fourteen women inmates and six IRC officials were regarded as respondents of the study.

    In-depth interview with the IRC officials and focus group discussion with the women inmates were utilized to unearth respondents’ idea of reproductive health and its components such as family planning, reproductive health related diseases (STDs/AIDS, breast cancers and ovary cancers) and sexual violence. Results of the study revealed that most of the women inmates and two IRC official respondents have not heard the term reproductive health but they have some knowledge on its components. Women inmates’ idea of family planning pertained to the proper way of using contraceptive methods while IRC officials viewed it as an economic means to alleviate poverty. Women inmates regarded themselves as responsible for their own health to be free from STDs/AIDS, breast and ovary cancers. According to the IRC officials, STDs/AIDS were acquired through sexual intercourse. Thus, women must refrain from engaging in sexual activities with different men. On the issue of sexual violence, women inmates believed that it occurs among couples with lack of communication. The IRC officials held the notion of patriarchal belief as the reason for continuing occurrence of sexual violence. The traditional roles of male as being biologically aggressive and females as submissive tied both groups of respondents’ idea on sexual violence. These beliefs validated the occurrence of sexual violence in the society restricting women to resist violence acts. Results also showed both group of respondents’ appreciation on the implementation of an RH Program in the IRC. They underscored the role of the government for the success of the program through substantial allocation of budget. Furthermore, the IRC officials emphasized the cooperation of women inmates while women inmates stressed the participation of the IRC officials for effective program implementation. Presenting all the findings of the study, a program on reproductive health must therefore be implemented in the IRC. This program must focus on the concept of reproductive health laid down by the International Conference on Population and Development. The patriarchal belief must be extinguished empowering women and making them aware of the ideas that resisting violence and being free from reproductive health-related diseases are expressions of their reproductive rights. Government must see to it that marginalized women such as the women inmates must have easy access to reproductive healthcare services and programs.

    Title: The dynamics of going legitimate and running for barangay politics in Leon
    Author: Allones, April Joy; Fillaro, Geraldine
    Abstract: This study explains the process of going back to the mainstream of society of former rebels and their political participation in the barangay politics. Descriptive in nature, it has the following objectives; first, is to identify the social climate and political recruitment patterns (reasons, mindset, and community situation) of rebel returnees; second, is to identify the resources from national or local politicians and “partido”, who endorsed the rebel returnees; third, is to identify the factors behind the success or failure of rebel returnee candidates in barangay elections. The method used in gathering of the data was personal interview with an interview guide.

    The study found out that in the recruitment, selection and election patterns of individuals, whether a private individual or a rebel returnee, several factors are considered before the people decides who they want to vote. Personality traits, kinship ties and political machineries are always important to dominate local or national politics in the Philippines. Motivation and political were also popular reasons for winning the elections. Inspired and influence by the doctrines of the underground movement, the rebel returnees joined the politics due to their strong conviction to effect changes they have been advocating ever since. But, their rebel background had been a setback for their election into public position. They refused endorsement from local partidos for they believe and adhered to their genuine cause of fielding themselves in politics without political backings. Some of these rebel returnees succeeded in their quest for barangay position and some did not. The success and failure of each rebel returnees had been determined by varying factors present in the society.

    Title: A case study of community-oriented policing system in two crime-prone barangays in Iloilo City under the jurisdiction of police precinct’s 1 and 3
    Author: Bernaldez, Cristina Arojo
    Abstract: This study primarily deals with the police-community relationship on the two crime-prone barangays in Iloilo city. It looked into the dynamics of police-community cooperation and collaboration as they geared towards in pursuing a safe place. It also examined their perception towards each other and public trust on police to establish partnership. In the process of achieving a safe community, they were challenged by the issues and problems towards crime prevention.

    In order to answer the objectives, the researcher used survey and key informant interviews to serve as primary data, library research at UPV and Camp Delgado was also done.

    The findings of the study revealed that barangay residents were willing to cooperate on crime prevention efforts by means of attending civic undertakings and reporting crimes. The police and other support groups also took participation by patrolling and giving feedbacks, as well as participation on lectures and trainings as well as dialogues. Communities have positive perception on police performance, they also trusted the police regardless of the issues raised by some of them. On the contrary, the police saw the residents as hostile. However, as they employed community interactions and strategies they have seen transformations and behaviour and lifestyles of the residents. Most of the issues and problems raised by the residents were more on police duty, visibility and communication. The key informants raised the issues and problems on crime activities such as drug addiction and thefts, use of sports and leisure equipment and peace and security. The efforts on the employment of COPS on the two barangays seemed to be successful as manifested by the decline of crime rate.

    Title: The Magarico family: Political elite of Janiuay, Philipines
    Author: Cabarles, Helen A.
    Abstract: This is a descriptive study of the Magarico as a political elite in Janiuay. The study was conducted using interview guide questions for key informants and archival research in gathering pertinent data. The research aims to (1) to identify the reasons that propel the Margarico family to seek political power in the municipal politics of Janiuay; and, (2) to identify the factors that enable the Magaricos to capture political power.

    The study found out that societal responsibility and public service are their prime reasons in seeking for political power in the municipal politics and that the socio-economic background of the political family is not the prime factor in their access to political positions. There are other factors that cannot account like good public reputation and good tract of records as public servant.

    Title: Awareness and practices of the military in upholding the human rights of political prisoners
    Author: Calawod, Zeeba Grace; Estaris, Rubbie Rizza F.
    Abstract: This Research study is on the awareness and practices of the military in upholding the human rights of political prisoners’ awareness of the concept of human rights and how are these roghts upheld and reflected in the practices of the military in dealing with political prisoners. The purpose of this study is to correct the common notion of the Filipinos on the violent and abusive culture of the military carried over by the Martial Law era to the present dimension.

    Descriptive research design was the method used in the analysis of the results. Thirty (30) military men from the 47th Infantry Battalion were selected using the lottery sampling. The second set of respondents, the political prisoners were determined through purposive sampling, all of them detained in jails within the Region Six were individually visited by the proponents of the study. A set of 48-itm questionnaire was distributed among the two groups of respondents. As for the political prisoners, an interview was conducted prior to the introduction of questionnaire to extract their own concept of human rights. The group interview with the military was done across ranks. One group was composed of three highest ranking officials assigned in the battalion and the other three were military men with three lowest ranks in the hierarchy. The results revealed that the military possessed a high awareness on the concept of human rights compared to the political prisoners. The military’s high awareness was brought about by the rigid human rights training programs facilitated by the Armed Forces of the Philippines and other human rights advocate groups, and their significant educational background( a least of two years college education).

    The political prisoners on the other hand acquired their awareness from the popular education (“pagtu-on”) they have received before joining the anti-government, and also from the human rights advocate groups they have met during their detention. Their limited or low awareness was explained by their lack of formal education (most of them were not able to finish elementary education). The military’s high awareness was reflected on the manner they deal with the insurgents especially during their counter-insurgency operations. Most of the Human Rights violations experienced by the political prisoners happened during the detention phase of their imprisonment (i.e. unsanitary and overcrowded detention cells, inadequate food, and no free medical assistance) are upshots of insufficient budget from the government since the Bureau of Jail and Management and Penology is not on the top priority of the administration. The Philippine society is confronted with more vital problems that need more attention by the government, problems that are more critical than contemplating on the welfare of what the public would call outlaws. The researchers recommend that the military officers should instil their subordinates the importance of the concept of human rights and the LGU should allocate sufficient funds for the maintenance of the detention centers to safeguards the welfare of the political prisoners.

    Title: Perceptions of stakeholders on the roles of Southern Iloilo Coastal Resource Management Council (SICRMC)
    Author: Moreno, Ma. Ines M.; Torejo, Sheryl Mae S.
    Abstract: This is a descriptive study of the perceptions of stakeholders on the Roles of Southern Iloilo Coastal Resource Management Council. There were one hundred one respondents in the study. They were the Chairman or any officer of the Barangay Fisheries Aquatic Resource Management Council (BFARMC), one women involved in fishing, also a member or officer of the BFARMC, and commercial fishers which were obtained from the list of Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR). The study was conducted in five municipalities that covered Panay Gulf namely: Oton, Tigbauan, Guimbal, Miag-o, and San Joaquin.

    The study found out that small-scale fishermen and women involved in fishing have the same responses with regards to the program implementation of the council while commercial fishers have different views regarding the roles of the council. This was due to the fact that the programs of the council benefited the small-scale fishermen and the women sector involved in fishing while adversely affects the commercial fishers. Their perception was influenced by their educational attainment, sector involved in, and number of years in fishing.

    Title: Unusual paths to local power: A case of succession in Pototan and substitute candidacy in San Joaquin
    Author: Mosquera, Mae Angielee Kae; Tadaya, Christine Joy
    Abstract: The study is a comparison of unusual path to local power. This study explored and analyzed mayoral performance in terms of programs and projects, personal traits, and factors that lead to the re-election into the mayoral office.

    The study was conducted in the Municipalities of Pototan and San Joaquin.

    Structured interview schedules were utilized to gather relevant information from six (6) key informants who have served the administrations of both the predecessor and successor or original candidate and replacement candidate. Documents from COMELEC, Sangguniang Bayan, and articles from archival research and library materials were also utilized. A one shot survey questionnaire was also distributed to the Punong Barangays in the Municipalities.

    Unusual path to local power a dilemma in the successor or substitute candidate especially in the issues of legitimacy and command. The issues upon succession or substitution were the dilemma continuing or stooping the projects of the predessor of original candidate, the peace and order situation, the subordination of the police and the soopeeration of the SB members and the Punong Barangays. Hte issues upon succession were addressed with help and support given by the SM members and Punong Barangays. As a successor or replacement candidate, one is expected to be democratic in the implementations of the programs and projects and get the the support of the Municipal legislative body. Hard work, honestly, sense of dedication, and perseverance are what it takes to improve ones’s legitimacy. Succcessors os replacement candidates usually continue theprograms and projects left by the presecessor or original candidate to showb respect and to save municipal funds at the same time. Mayoral performance, personal traits, and political strtategies are the factors that served as the base for the people to elect the successor or replacement candidate in the mayoral office. A mayor is expected to be attentive to the needs of the people through implementation of beneficial projects ausch as farm to market roads, construction of market, or even implementations of health related programs in the municipality. Personal traits such as friendliness, fairness, hospitability, perseverance, dedication, and honesty are the traits that subordinate officials admire in a successor.

    Title: The dynamics of the proposed privatization of the Metro Iloilo Water District (MIWD)
    Author: Coloyan, Sigrid Smile P.; Gonzales, Maria Izabel M.
    Abstract: The study sought to determine the reasons, manner and the dynamics of proposed privatization of the Metro Iloilo Water District (MIWD). It aimed to identify the efforts done by various actors expressing their support or opposition with the proposal, as well as examine the relationship and interaction that existed among them.

    The researchers identify the actors who were involved and were concerned with the privatization proposal of MIWD. They include the Iloilo City Government; the MIWD Employees Union; the Freedom from Debt Coalition (FDC); the Benpres Holdings Corporation; and the commercial establishments, which are major consumers of water supplied by MIWD employees’ Union. The interview was the primary data gathering mechanism. It was conducted to the concerned actors with the use of interview guide questions.

    Results showed that the primary reason of the proposed privatization of MIWD was to gain an infusion of additional funding for its expansion and improvement projects and that the Benpres Holdings Corporation recommended a Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) arrangement for a 25-year concession of the MIWD. The Employees of MIWD did not generally oppose to the proposal. The arrangement of paying them with full compensation was acceptable to them provided that all of the regular employees will be rehired in the process of privatizing MIWD. The FDC, on the other hand, strongly opposed it because it is against with their advocacy. On the part of the Iloilo City Government, it decline to divulge any statement due to the fact that it does not have sufficient information to offer such disclosure and that is the relationship with MIWD is minimal in nature. Its role is simple to appoint MIWD Board of Directors. As for the consumers, their stand to the issue varied but all of them are expecting higher rates of MIWD would be privatized. Results showed that the impediment of the proposed privatization of MIWD is brought about by the decision of the Benpres Holdings Corporation to temporarily suspend the proposal. This illustrates that the proponent has the prerogative to pursue the privatization of MIWD or not. It is therefore concluded that the responses of those who are opposed to the proposed privatization of MIWD do not determine whether the proposal will push through or not.

    Title: Perception of Philippine Army personnel of 3rd Infantry Division (spearhead) Division of Camp Gen. Macario Peralta, Jr., Jamindan, Capiz on military women joining combat
    Author: Dolloso, Rhoselyn; Provido Angeli Paulette
    Abstract: For the past years, there have been several studies conducted about the military. Most of these studies centered on the historical, organizational and institutional structure of the military. Only a few of these are empirical studies on the military’s social aspect. This is an explotary study on the Perception of Philippine Army personnel of 3rd Infantry Division (spearhead) Division of Camp Gen. Macario Peralta, Jr., Jamindan, Capiz towards having military women in frontline combat. Using a 5-point Likert scale survey questionnaires, the researchers were able to conduct the study on 88 military men coming from the different units in the camp. Aside from survey, the researchers also utilized key-informant interviews and focused group discussions (FGD) in gathering primary data. This study particularly addressed the following objectives: (1) to know what are the bases of task(s) or function(s) usually given/assigned to military women; (2) determine the views of military men in women in the military; (3) to determine what is the perception of military men on joining frontline combat; and (4) to know what factors influence these perceptions.

    The study results showed that the primary bases of assigning tasks or functions for military women are their educational background and specialization upon the entry into the service. Upon training, military women are made to choose their area of specialization and then they are assigned to their chosen offices. The researchers found out that men’s perception towards women joining combat is undecided. Military men acknowledge the presence and the essence of women in the military. They have high regard on them as superior (officers) and comrades, but they want to maintain the status of having military women confined in office duties and jobs where no excessive physical strength is needed. The researchers also found out that the women’s also undecided about them joining the combat. There is a possibility of sending military women to the frontlines, but perhaps for a couple more years.

    Title: The conflict on land claims between the Bukidnons and the 3rd Infantry Spearhead Division of the Philippine Army in Brgy. Jaena, Jamindan, Capiz
    Author: Fernandez, March Jefferson; Sindingan, Jose Simeon
    Abstract: This study is a descriptive study on the conflict on land claims between the Bukidnons and the 3rd Infantry Spearhead Division of the Philippine Army in Brgy. Jaena, Jamindan, Capiz and one authorized speaker from the 3rd Infantry Spearhead Division

    The results of the study showed there is conflict since there is an overlapping interest of resources which in this case is the land claim. The Presidential Proclamation No. 67 states the area as military reservation camp while the IPRA is not currently properly implemented. The Bukidnons are not recognized by the 3rd Infantry Spearhead Division as Bukidnons. The perception of the Bukidnons towards the military reservation camp is negative but has no bearing in conflict. There is an unbalanced conflict. The current status of the conflict is that the 3rd Infantry Spearhead Division continues to practice its jurisdiction over the conflicted lands while the Bukidnons continue petitioning their land claim but manages to respect the military jurisdiction over the conflicted land.

    The study concludes that the formal institutions do not affect the conflict. The perceptions of the military towards the Bukidnons affects the conflict of land claims while the perception of Bukidnons towards the military and concept of property does not affect the conflict. The researchers recommend that the conflict should be resolved. The conflict should b viewed from both sides. The military should maintain discipline within its ranks regarding the treatment of Bukidnons. A genealogical study must be done to verify whether the Bukidnons are authentic. Negotiations are recommended. The Indigenous Peoples Rights Act’s implemention must be approved. The consultations of National Commision on Indigenous Peoples should be made regular.

    Title: Sugar politics in Negros Occidental: The dynamic between big landholders and small landholders in planters’ associations in Silay-Saravia and BISCOM mill districts
    Author: Francisco, Kristina
    Abstract: This research exami8ned the nature of interaction of planters in the association and mill district level in Sila-Saravia and BISCOM mill districts as major actors in the sugar industry, and their dealings with the SRA (represents the government) in promoting their interests. This research also inquired into how the government invites greater political participation among them as representatives of the private sctor. The researcher utilized primary data from key informants – the planters (one CARP beneficiary and one big plater in each association). The results of the study showed that: (1) big platers, are actively participating in the association and mill district level and are given the privilege to lobby formally in the government through SRA-acredited MDDCs, (2) small planters are only passive and unrespective participants in the association and mill district level and (3) sugar planters (representing the private sector), and government are interdepens=dent, inter-reliant and mutually supporting each other.

    Title: Awareness and understanding of girl child domestic helpers’employers on the issue of child labor
    Author: Gasataya, Jorelyne; Projillo, Wilfre Mae
    Abstract: The study sought to determine the awareness and understanding of employers of young domestic workers on the issue labor in the domestic service. Specifically, it sought to determine: (1) the factors influencing young girls to enter domestic service; (2) the employers’ criteria for employment or hiring of domestic helpers; (3) the employers’ understanding of child labor; (4) employers’ awareness on he issue of child labor; (5) the sources of information or the factors influencing their awareness; and (6) the implications of this awareness in the treatment of girl child domesic helpers.

    The respondents of the study were 13 employers of girl child domestic helpers aged 17 years old and below from the 2 barangays with the largest household population in a 4th class municipality of Iloilo 1st district. They were selected using purposive sampling. The study utilized structured interview using a questionnaire consisting of closed and open-ended questions on the employers’ criteria for employment, working conditions of child helpers, sources of information of employers on issues of child labor, and their understanding of child labor. Furthermore, the researchers made use of YES/NO scale to determine the awareness of employers on issues of rights of the child helpers, working conditions and government policies on child labor based on standards set by the ILO and the Batas Kasambahay Bill on rights of Domestic Helpers.

    Poverty contributed to the decision of child domestic helpers to enter domestic service which was reinforced by the desire to augment family income and support their education. Results showed that employers are aware of the issue of Child Labor like rights of the children, work conditions and policies and agencies of the government protecting working children. They learned this over the radio and TV. However, most employers do not know any particular law on child labor. They are not aware of the legal basis on the employment of young helpers suscu as standard wage and benefits. Age and educational attainment influence the employers’ awareness and understanding of child labor. Their awareness however, barely affect their treatment on child helpers on the issues like standard wage and type of work entailed to the child domestic helpers. This is supported by the girl child helpers’ responses that they are given tasks that are outside the sphere of household work. The employers’ understanding of child labor generally do not consider domestic work as child labor because they associate child labor on exploitative conditions such as factory work, because for them domestic work is light work and is considered as an extension of household duties appropriate for young girls. Gender division of labor is clearly portrayed where domestic work is regarded appropriate fro women and is sustained by the traditional society’s culture. While men have greater job oppurtunities outside the home, women become more relegated in the home.

    Title: The dynamics of recruitment, selection, and election of neophyte politicials in Iloilo city
    Author: Meren, Christcelle E.; Palmani, Kristine Michelle O.
    Abstract: This study is an introspection on the factors that helped the neophyte politicians penetrate the political arena of Iloilo City. This study explores and analyzes the political recruitment, selection process, and election mechanisms in line with the various theories in these three (3) identified concepts established by scholars in the discipline of political science.

    This study was conducted in October 2004 to February 2005 in Iloilo City, which is composed of six (6) districts namely Jaro, Lapaz, Mandurriao, Molo, Arevalo, and Iloilo City Proper.

    Structured interview schedules were utilized to gather relevant information from eight (8) key informants who directly participated in the recruitment pattern, selection process, and election conduct in the May 2004 election. Documents from COMELEC, Sangguniang Panlungsod, and articles from archival research and library materials were also utilized.

    The recruitment pattern of neophyte politicians in Iloilo City significantly varies depending on the kind of organizational and political networks in which they were identified. The traditional source of local leadership, which is the local elite political family, was challenged by the emergence of new recruits that constitute the new political players who belong to middle class professional and entrepreneurs. A notable observation was recruitment from non-political source, which is media popularity. In the selection process, neophyte politicians join political parties for political convenience. Neophyte politicians who are protégés of top party line-up. The conduct of electoral campaign of neophyte politicians included new campaign strategies and techniques, however, it was apparent that neophyte politicians gave in to the traditional campaigning method.
    Title: Perceptions of stakeholders on the roles os Southern Iloilo Coastal Resource Management Council (SICRMC)
    Author: Moreno, Ma. Ines M.; Torejo, Sheryl Mae S.
    Abstract: This is a descriptive study of the perceptions of stakeholders on the Roles of Southern Iloilo Coastal Resource Management Council. There were one hundred one respondents in the study. They were the Chairman or any officer of the Barangay Fisheries Aquatic Resource Management Council (BFARMC), one women involved in fiishing, also a member or officer of the BFARMC, and commercial fishers which were obtained from the list of Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR). The study was conducted in five municipalities that covered Panay Gulf namely: Oton, Tigbauan, Guimbal, Miag-o, and San Joaquin.

    The study found out that small-scale fishermen and women involved in fishing have the same responses with regards to the program implementation of the council while commercial fishers have different views regarding the roles of the council. This was due to the fact that the programs of the council benefited the small-scale fishermen and the women sector involved in fishing while adversely affects the commercial fishers. Their perception was influenced by their educational attainment, sector involved in, and number of years in fishing.

    Title: Unusual paths to local power: A case of succession in Pototan and substitute candidacy in San Joaquin
    Author: Mosquera, Mae Angielee Kae; Tadaya, Christine Joy
    Abstract: The study is a comparison of unusual path to local power. This study explored and analyzed mayoral performance in terms of programs and projects, personal traits, and factors that lead to the re-election into the mayoral office.

    The study was conducted in the Municipalities of Pototan and San Joaquin.

    Structured interview schedules were utilized to gather relevant information from six (6) key informants who have served the administrations of both the predecessor and successor or original candidate and replacement candidate. Documents from COMELEC, Sangguniang Bayan, and articles from archival research and library materials were also utilized. A one shot survey questionnaire was also distributed to the Punong Barangays in the Municipalities.

    Unusual path to local power a dilemma in the successor or substitute candidate especially in the issues of legitimacy and command. The issues upon succession or substitution were the dilemma continuing or stooping the projects of the predessor of original candidate, the peace and order situation, the subordination of the police and the soopeeration of the SB members and the Punong Barangays. Hte issues upon succession were addressed with help and support given by the SM members and Punong Barangays. As a successor or replacement candidate, one is expected to be democratic in the implementations of the programs and projects and get the the support of the Municipal legislative body. Hard work, honestly, sense of dedication, and perseverance are what it takes to improve ones’s legitimacy. Succcessors os replacement candidates usually continue theprograms and projects left by the presecessor or original candidate to showb respect and to save municipal funds at the same time. Mayoral performance, personal traits, and political strtategies are the factors that served as the base for the people to elect the successor or replacement candidate in the mayoral office. A mayor is expected to be attentive to the needs of the people through implementation of beneficial projects ausch as farm to market roads, construction of market, or even implementations of health related programs in the municipality. Personal traits such as friendliness, fairness, hospitability, perseverance, dedication, and honesty are the traits that subordinate officials admire in a successor.

  6. Rose Ann Dominguez, Negen Caburlan said

    2005

    Alegre, Julie Anne; Amase, Jaisa Mhe

    Prospects for a reproductive health care program in the Iloilo Rehabilitation Center (IRC): Women inmates’ and IRC officials’ perceptions and recommendations

    The study aimed to determine how women inmates and IRC officials understand the concept of reproductive health and what factors influenced such understanding. It likewise sought to find out the perceptions of women inmates with regards Prospective RH Program in the IRC and their recommendations for effective program implementation. It also sought to determine the IRC officials’ view regarding a Prospective RH Program as well as their suggestions for an effective program implementation. Using purposive sampling, fourteen women inmates and six IRC implementation. Using purposive sampling, fourteen women inmates and six IRC officials were regarded as respondents of the study.

    In-depth interview with the IRC officials and focus group discussion with the women inmates were utilized to unearth respondents’ idea of reproductive health and its components such as family planning, reproductive health related diseases (STDs/AIDS, breast cancers and ovary cancers) and sexual violence. Results of the study revealed that most of the women inmates and two IRC official respondents have not heard the term reproductive health but they have some knowledge on its components. Women inmates’ idea of family planning pertained to the proper way of using contraceptive methods while IRC officials viewed it as an economic means to alleviate poverty. Women inmates regarded themselves as responsible for their own health to be free from STDs/AIDS, breast and ovary cancers. According to the IRC officials, STDs/AIDS were acquired through sexual intercourse. Thus, women must refrain from engaging in sexual activities with different men. On the issue of sexual violence, women inmates believed that it occurs among couples with lack of communication. The IRC officials held the notion of patriarchal belief as the reason for continuing occurrence of sexual violence. The traditional roles of male as being biologically aggressive and females as submissive tied both groups of respondents’ idea on sexual violence. These beliefs validated the occurrence of sexual violence in the society restricting women to resist violence acts. Results also showed both group of respondents’ appreciation on the implementation of an RH Program in the IRC. They underscored the role of the government for the success of the program through substantial allocation of budget. Furthermore, the IRC officials emphasized the cooperation of women inmates while women inmates stressed the participation of the IRC officials for effective program implementation. Presenting all the findings of the study, a program on reproductive health must therefore be implemented in the IRC. This program must focus on the concept of reproductive health laid down by the International Conference on Population and Development. The patriarchal belief must be extinguished empowering women and making them aware of the ideas that resisting violence and being free from reproductive health-related diseases are expressions of their reproductive rights. Government must see to it that marginalized women such as the women inmates must have easy access to reproductive healthcare services and programs.

    Allones, April Joy; Fillaro, Geraldine

    The dynamics of going legitimate and running for barangay politics in Leon

    This study explains the process of going back to the mainstream of society of former rebels and their political participation in the barangay politics. Descriptive in nature, it has the following objectives; first, is to identify the social climate and political recruitment patterns (reasons, mindset, and community situation) of rebel returnees; second, is to identify the resources from national or local politicians and “partido”, who endorsed the rebel returnees; third, is to identify the factors behind the success or failure of rebel returnee candidates in barangay elections. The method used in gathering of the data was personal interview with an interview guide.

    The study found out that in the recruitment, selection and election patterns of individuals, whether a private individual or a rebel returnee, several factors are considered before the people decides who they want to vote. Personality traits, kinship ties and political machineries are always important to dominate local or national politics in the Philippines. Motivation and political were also popular reasons for winning the elections. Inspired and influence by the doctrines of the underground movement, the rebel returnees joined the politics due to their strong conviction to effect changes they have been advocating ever since. But, their rebel background had been a setback for their election into public position. They refused endorsement from local partidos for they believe and adhered to their genuine cause of fielding themselves in politics without political backings. Some of these rebel returnees succeeded in their quest for barangay position and some did not. The success and failure of each rebel returnees had been determined by varying factors present in the society.

    Bernaldez, Cristina Arojo

    A case study of community-oriented policing system in two crime-prone barangays in Iloilo City under the jurisdiction of police precinct’s 1 and 3

    This study primarily deals with the police-community relationship on the two crime-prone barangays in Iloilo city. It looked into the dynamics of police-community cooperation and collaboration as they geared towards in pursuing a safe place. It also examined their perception towards each other and public trust on police to establish partnership. In the process of achieving a safe community, they were challenged by the issues and problems towards crime prevention.

    In order to answer the objectives, the researcher used survey and key informant interviews to serve as primary data, library research at UPV and Camp Delgado was also done.

    The findings of the study revealed that barangay residents were willing to cooperate on crime prevention efforts by means of attending civic undertakings and reporting crimes. The police and other support groups also took participation by patrolling and giving feedbacks, as well as participation on lectures and trainings as well as dialogues. Communities have positive perception on police performance, they also trusted the police regardless of the issues raised by some of them. On the contrary, the police saw the residents as hostile. However, as they employed community interactions and strategies they have seen transformations and behaviour and lifestyles of the residents. Most of the issues and problems raised by the residents were more on police duty, visibility and communication. The key informants raised the issues and problems on crime activities such as drug addiction and thefts, use of sports and leisure equipment and peace and security. The efforts on the employment of COPS on the two barangays seemed to be successful as manifested by the decline of crime rate.

    Cabarles, Helen A.

    The Magarico family: Political elite of Janiuay, Philipines

    This is a descriptive study of the Magarico as a political elite in Janiuay. The study was conducted using interview guide questions for key informants and archival research in gathering pertinent data. The research aims to (1) to identify the reasons that propel the Margarico family to seek political power in the municipal politics of Janiuay; and, (2) to identify the factors that enable the Magaricos to capture political power.

    The study found out that societal responsibility and public service are their prime reasons in seeking for political power in the municipal politics and that the socio-economic background of the political family is not the prime factor in their access to political positions. There are other factors that cannot account like good public reputation and good tract of records as public servant.

    Calawod, Zeeba Grace; Estaris, Rubbie Rizza F.

    Awareness and practices of the military in upholding the human rights of political prisoners

    This Research study is on the awareness and practices of the military in upholding the human rights of political prisoners’ awareness of the concept of human rights and how are these roghts upheld and reflected in the practices of the military in dealing with political prisoners. The purpose of this study is to correct the common notion of the Filipinos on the violent and abusive culture of the military carried over by the Martial Law era to the present dimension.

    Descriptive research design was the method used in the analysis of the results. Thirty (30) military men from the 47th Infantry Battalion were selected using the lottery sampling. The second set of respondents, the political prisoners were determined through purposive sampling, all of them detained in jails within the Region Six were individually visited by the proponents of the study. A set of 48-itm questionnaire was distributed among the two groups of respondents. As for the political prisoners, an interview was conducted prior to the introduction of questionnaire to extract their own concept of human rights. The group interview with the military was done across ranks. One group was composed of three highest ranking officials assigned in the battalion and the other three were military men with three lowest ranks in the hierarchy. The results revealed that the military possessed a high awareness on the concept of human rights compared to the political prisoners. The military’s high awareness was brought about by the rigid human rights training programs facilitated by the Armed Forces of the Philippines and other human rights advocate groups, and their significant educational background( a least of two years college education).

    The political prisoners on the other hand acquired their awareness from the popular education (“pagtu-on”) they have received before joining the anti-government, and also from the human rights advocate groups they have met during their detention. Their limited or low awareness was explained by their lack of formal education (most of them were not able to finish elementary education). The military’s high awareness was reflected on the manner they deal with the insurgents especially during their counter-insurgency operations. Most of the Human Rights violations experienced by the political prisoners happened during the detention phase of their imprisonment (i.e. unsanitary and overcrowded detention cells, inadequate food, and no free medical assistance) are upshots of insufficient budget from the government since the Bureau of Jail and Management and Penology is not on the top priority of the administration. The Philippine society is confronted with more vital problems that need more attention by the government, problems that are more critical than contemplating on the welfare of what the public would call outlaws. The researchers recommend that the military officers should instil their subordinates the importance of the concept of human rights and the LGU should allocate sufficient funds for the maintenance of the detention centers to safeguards the welfare of the political prisoners.

    Coloyan, Sigrid Smile P.; Gonzales, Maria Izabel M.

    The dynamics of the proposed privatization of the Metro Iloilo Water District (MIWD)

    The study sought to determine the reasons, manner and the dynamics of proposed privatization of the Metro Iloilo Water District (MIWD). It aimed to identify the efforts done by various actors expressing their support or opposition with the proposal, as well as examine the relationship and interaction that existed among them.

    The researchers identify the actors who were involved and were concerned with the privatization proposal of MIWD. They include the Iloilo City Government; the MIWD Employees Union; the Freedom from Debt Coalition (FDC); the Benpres Holdings Corporation; and the commercial establishments, which are major consumers of water supplied by MIWD employees’ Union. The interview was the primary data gathering mechanism. It was conducted to the concerned actors with the use of interview guide questions.

    Results showed that the primary reason of the proposed privatization of MIWD was to gain an infusion of additional funding for its expansion and improvement projects and that the Benpres Holdings Corporation recommended a Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) arrangement for a 25-year concession of the MIWD. The Employees of MIWD did not generally oppose to the proposal. The arrangement of paying them with full compensation was acceptable to them provided that all of the regular employees will be rehired in the process of privatizing MIWD. The FDC, on the other hand, strongly opposed it because it is against with their advocacy. On the part of the Iloilo City Government, it decline to divulge any statement due to the fact that it does not have sufficient information to offer such disclosure and that is the relationship with MIWD is minimal in nature. Its role is simple to appoint MIWD Board of Directors. As for the consumers, their stand to the issue varied but all of them are expecting higher rates of MIWD would be privatized. Results showed that the impediment of the proposed privatization of MIWD is brought about by the decision of the Benpres Holdings Corporation to temporarily suspend the proposal. This illustrates that the proponent has the prerogative to pursue the privatization of MIWD or not. It is therefore concluded that the responses of those who are opposed to the proposed privatization of MIWD do not determine whether the proposal will push through or not.

    Dolloso, Rhoselyn; Provido Angeli Paulette

    Perception of Philippine Army personnel of 3rd Infantry Division (spearhead) Division of Camp Gen. Macario Peralta, Jr., Jamindan, Capiz on military women joining combat

    For the past years, there have been several studies conducted about the military. Most of these studies centered on the historical, organizational and institutional structure of the military. Only a few of these are empirical studies on the military’s social aspect. This is an explotary study on the Perception of Philippine Army personnel of 3rd Infantry Division (spearhead) Division of Camp Gen. Macario Peralta, Jr., Jamindan, Capiz towards having military women in frontline combat. Using a 5-point Likert scale survey questionnaires, the researchers were able to conduct the study on 88 military men coming from the different units in the camp. Aside from survey, the researchers also utilized key-informant interviews and focused group discussions (FGD) in gathering primary data. This study particularly addressed the following objectives: (1) to know what are the bases of task(s) or function(s) usually given/assigned to military women; (2) determine the views of military men in women in the military; (3) to determine what is the perception of military men on joining frontline combat; and (4) to know what factors influence these perceptions.

    The study results showed that the primary bases of assigning tasks or functions for military women are their educational background and specialization upon the entry into the service. Upon training, military women are made to choose their area of specialization and then they are assigned to their chosen offices. The researchers found out that men’s perception towards women joining combat is undecided. Military men acknowledge the presence and the essence of women in the military. They have high regard on them as superior (officers) and comrades, but they want to maintain the status of having military women confined in office duties and jobs where no excessive physical strength is needed. The researchers also found out that the women’s also undecided about them joining the combat. There is a possibility of sending military women to the frontlines, but perhaps for a couple more years.

    Fernandez, March Jefferson; Sindingan, Jose Simeon

    The conflict on land claims between the Bukidnons and the 3rd Infantry Spearhead Division of the Philippine Army in Brgy. Jaena, Jamindan, Capiz

    This study is a descriptive study on the conflict on land claims between the Bukidnons and the 3rd Infantry Spearhead Division of the Philippine Army in Brgy. Jaena, Jamindan, Capiz and one authorized speaker from the 3rd Infantry Spearhead Division

    The results of the study showed there is conflict since there is an overlapping interest of resources which in this case is the land claim. The Presidential Proclamation No. 67 states the area as military reservation camp while the IPRA is not currently properly implemented. The Bukidnons are not recognized by the 3rd Infantry Spearhead Division as Bukidnons. The perception of the Bukidnons towards the military reservation camp is negative but has no bearing in conflict. There is an unbalanced conflict. The current status of the conflict is that the 3rd Infantry Spearhead Division continues to practice its jurisdiction over the conflicted lands while the Bukidnons continue petitioning their land claim but manages to respect the military jurisdiction over the conflicted land.

    The study concludes that the formal institutions do not affect the conflict. The perceptions of the military towards the Bukidnons affects the conflict of land claims while the perception of Bukidnons towards the military and concept of property does not affect the conflict. The researchers recommend that the conflict should be resolved. The conflict should b viewed from both sides. The military should maintain discipline within its ranks regarding the treatment of Bukidnons. A genealogical study must be done to verify whether the Bukidnons are authentic. Negotiations are recommended. The Indigenous Peoples Rights Act’s implemention must be approved. The consultations of National Commision on Indigenous Peoples should be made regular.

    Francisco, Kristina

    Sugar politics in Negros Occidental: The dynamic between big landholders and small landholders in planters’ associations in Silay-Saravia and BISCOM mill districts

    This research exami8ned the nature of interaction of planters in the association and mill district level in Sila-Saravia and BISCOM mill districts as major actors in the sugar industry, and their dealings with the SRA (represents the government) in promoting their interests. This research also inquired into how the government invites greater political participation among them as representatives of the private sctor. The researcher utilized primary data from key informants – the planters (one CARP beneficiary and one big plater in each association). The results of the study showed that: (1) big platers, are actively participating in the association and mill district level and are given the privilege to lobby formally in the government through SRA-acredited MDDCs, (2) small planters are only passive and unrespective participants in the association and mill district level and (3) sugar planters (representing the private sector), and government are interdepens=dent, inter-reliant and mutually supporting each other.

    Gasataya, Jorelyne; Projillo, Wilfre Mae

    Awareness and understanding of girl child domestic helpers’employers on the issue of child labor

    The study sought to determine the awareness and understanding of employers of young domestic workers on the issue labor in the domestic service. Specifically, it sought to determine: (1) the factors influencing young girls to enter domestic service; (2) the employers’ criteria for employment or hiring of domestic helpers; (3) the employers’ understanding of child labor; (4) employers’ awareness on he issue of child labor; (5) the sources of information or the factors influencing their awareness; and (6) the implications of this awareness in the treatment of girl child domesic helpers.

    The respondents of the study were 13 employers of girl child domestic helpers aged 17 years old and below from the 2 barangays with the largest household population in a 4th class municipality of Iloilo 1st district. They were selected using purposive sampling. The study utilized structured interview using a questionnaire consisting of closed and open-ended questions on the employers’ criteria for employment, working conditions of child helpers, sources of information of employers on issues of child labor, and their understanding of child labor. Furthermore, the researchers made use of YES/NO scale to determine the awareness of employers on issues of rights of the child helpers, working conditions and government policies on child labor based on standards set by the ILO and the Batas Kasambahay Bill on rights of Domestic Helpers.

    Poverty contributed to the decision of child domestic helpers to enter domestic service which was reinforced by the desire to augment family income and support their education. Results showed that employers are aware of the issue of Child Labor like rights of the children, work conditions and policies and agencies of the government protecting working children. They learned this over the radio and TV. However, most employers do not know any particular law on child labor. They are not aware of the legal basis on the employment of young helpers suscu as standard wage and benefits. Age and educational attainment influence the employers’ awareness and understanding of child labor. Their awareness however, barely affect their treatment on child helpers on the issues like standard wage and type of work entailed to the child domestic helpers. This is supported by the girl child helpers’ responses that they are given tasks that are outside the sphere of household work. The employers’ understanding of child labor generally do not consider domestic work as child labor because they associate child labor on exploitative conditions such as factory work, because for them domestic work is light work and is considered as an extension of household duties appropriate for young girls. Gender division of labor is clearly portrayed where domestic work is regarded appropriate fro women and is sustained by the traditional society’s culture. While men have greater job oppurtunities outside the home, women become more relegated in the home.

    Meren, Christcelle E.; Palmani, Kristine Michelle O.

    The dynamics of recruitment, selection, and election of neophyte politicials in Iloilo city

    This study is an introspection on the factors that helped the neophyte politicians penetrate the political arena of Iloilo City. This study explores and analyzes the political recruitment, selection process, and election mechanisms in line with the various theories in these three (3) identified concepts established by scholars in the discipline of political science.

    This study was conducted in October 2004 to February 2005 in Iloilo City, which is composed of six (6) districts namely Jaro, Lapaz, Mandurriao, Molo, Arevalo, and Iloilo City Proper.

    Structured interview schedules were utilized to gather relevant information from eight (8) key informants who directly participated in the recruitment pattern, selection process, and election conduct in the May 2004 election. Documents from COMELEC, Sangguniang Panlungsod, and articles from archival research and library materials were also utilized.

    The recruitment pattern of neophyte politicians in Iloilo City significantly varies depending on the kind of organizational and political networks in which they were identified. The traditional source of local leadership, which is the local elite political family, was challenged by the emergence of new recruits that constitute the new political players who belong to middle class professional and entrepreneurs. A notable observation was recruitment from non-political source, which is media popularity. In the selection process, neophyte politicians join political parties for political convenience. Neophyte politicians who are protégés of top party line-up. The conduct of electoral campaign of neophyte politicians included new campaign strategies and techniques, however, it was apparent that neophyte politicians gave in to the traditional campaigning method.

    Moreno, Ma. Ines M.; Torejo, Sheryl Mae S.

    Perceptions of stakeholders on the roles of Southern Iloilo Coastal Resource Management Council (SICRMC)

    This is a descriptive study of the perceptions of stakeholders on the Roles of Southern Iloilo Coastal Resource Management Council. There were one hundred one respondents in the study. They were the Chairman or any officer of the Barangay Fisheries Aquatic Resource Management Council (BFARMC), one women involved in fishing, also a member or officer of the BFARMC, and commercial fishers which were obtained from the list of Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR). The study was conducted in five municipalities that covered Panay Gulf namely: Oton, Tigbauan, Guimbal, Miag-o, and San Joaquin.

    The study found out that small-scale fishermen and women involved in fishing have the same responses with regards to the program implementation of the council while commercial fishers have different views regarding the roles of the council. This was due to the fact that the programs of the council benefited the small-scale fishermen and the women sector involved in fishing while adversely affects the commercial fishers. Their perception was influenced by their educational attainment, sector involved in, and number of years in fishing.

    Mosquera, Mae Angielee Kae; Tadaya, Christine Joy

    Unusual paths to local power: A case of succession in Pototan and substitute candidacy in San Joaquin

    The study is a comparison of unusual path to local power. This study explored and analyzed mayoral performance in terms of programs and projects, personal traits, and factors that lead to the re-election into the mayoral office.

    The study was conducted in the Municipalities of Pototan and San Joaquin.

    Structured interview schedules were utilized to gather relevant information from six (6) key informants who have served the administrations of both the predecessor and successor or original candidate and replacement candidate. Documents from COMELEC, Sangguniang Bayan, and articles from archival research and library materials were also utilized. A one shot survey questionnaire was also distributed to the Punong Barangays in the Municipalities.

    Unusual path to local power a dilemma in the successor or substitute candidate especially in the issues of legitimacy and command. The issues upon succession or substitution were the dilemma continuing or stooping the projects of the predessor of original candidate, the peace and order situation, the subordination of the police and the soopeeration of the SB members and the Punong Barangays. Hte issues upon succession were addressed with help and support given by the SM members and Punong Barangays. As a successor or replacement candidate, one is expected to be democratic in the implementations of the programs and projects and get the the support of the Municipal legislative body. Hard work, honestly, sense of dedication, and perseverance are what it takes to improve ones’s legitimacy. Succcessors os replacement candidates usually continue theprograms and projects left by the presecessor or original candidate to showb respect and to save municipal funds at the same time. Mayoral performance, personal traits, and political strtategies are the factors that served as the base for the people to elect the successor or replacement candidate in the mayoral office. A mayor is expected to be attentive to the needs of the people through implementation of beneficial projects ausch as farm to market roads, construction of market, or even implementations of health related programs in the municipality. Personal traits such as friendliness, fairness, hospitability, perseverance, dedication, and honesty are the traits that subordinate officials
    admire in a successor.

    Tacardon, May Flor M. And Nelvin T. Sayson.

    The Social, Political, and Economical Effects of the Development Porjects and Programs of the Locl Government of Tubungan Towards Farmers in Brgy. Adgao, Tubungan, Iloilo (1998-2003).

    Rural Development defined as a sustained process of economic, social, cultural, political, and environmental change leading to improved living condition of small farmers and landless workers. To make the attainment of this goal possible, there must be an effective local government. The research thus aimed to provide information on the role of local government and how they are practicing such role for the attainment of state’s goal on rural development. The researchers consider the community-oriented role of the Local government as the best approach to the success of attaining the goal for rural development.

    There are three objectives to follow based on the purpose of the study. First is to detemine the programs and projects of the local government for the farmers in Brgy. Adgao, Tubungan from 1998-2003. Second is to determine farmer’s socio-economic conditions before and after the program implementation. Lastly, is to access the effects of the local government’s programs and projects on social, political, and economic condition of farmers. In order to answer these objectives, the researchers used survey questionnaires for the respondents, and conducted interviews on the local government officials.

    Through these methods the researchers had come up with an assessment that indeed the local government projects and programs created minimal improvement on the social, political and economic condition of the farmers in Brgy. Adgao. Therefore, there’s a need for the local government to increaseor to improve the community participation on the projects and programs.

  7. Jane said

    Berbolla, Nelry Joy and Juada, Kristine Anne P. Factors affecting the people’s advocacy in Barangay San Pedro, San Jose, Antique.

    Abstract: This study sought to determine the factors that lead people to advocate or not on the issue. It wanted to find out if there was a relationship between (a) educational attainment, (b) annual family income, (c) personal awareness on the issue, and (d) perceived health and environmental advantages or disadvantages and people’s advocacy. The study was conducted in Barangay San Pedro, San Jose, Antique with 320 respondents. Self-administered questionnaires which included a translation in Hiligaynon were given to these respondents. The questionnaire has two parts, (a) the respondents’ educational attainment and annual family income; (b) the Likert-type scale composed of a number of statements designed to determine the relationship of advocacy to personal awareness on the issue, and perceived health and environmental advantages or disadvantages of the issue or project. Hence, the response options of the respondents for this scale were strongly disagree, disagree, neutral, agree, and strongly agree. Using the Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient, the study yielded the following results: a negligible relationship between advocacy and educational attainment, a negligible relationship between advocacy and personal awareness on the issue, and a negligible relationship between advocacy and perceived health and environmental advantages or disadvantages of the issue or project. Simply, out of the lists four factors that may affect the people’s advocacy, only the personal awareness on the issue had the possibility of affecting the people’s advocacy. All the others were proven to have no effect on the people’s advocacy.
    Biboso, Rissa A. And Salar, Edmund B. Factors affecting compliance of Iloilo City jeepney drivers (Molo via City High and Jaro Mandurriao) with the anti-smoking ordinance, an assessment of local government unit (LGU) ordinance implementation.
    Abstract: The study sought to determine the factors affecting compliance of Iloilo City jeepney drivers to the anti-smoking ordinance, as well as assess the implementing mechanisms of the LGU in enforcing the said ordinance. Forty three (43) jeepney drivers plying two routes served as the respondents of the study, seven drivers from the Molo via City High route and thirty six respondents from Jaro Mandurriao. Likert scales were used to measure the respondents’ level of awareness regarding the ordinance and level of perception of legitimacy of authority. On the other hand, rating scales were used to rank the respondents’ reasons for compliance to the anti-smoking ordinance. Results showed that age and educational attainment do not affect the level of awareness and perception of legitimacy of authority of the jeepney drivers. Furthermore, the primary reasons for the jeepney drivers’ compliance to the anti-smoking ordinance were their level of awareness of the ordinance, the P300.00 fine for violators, confiscation of driver’s license and the presence of the Anti-Smoking Task Force. Results showed that the implementing mechanisms employed by the LGU were effective.
    Cadiao, Juna Mae B. and Itona, Mitzi Grace H. Civil Society and the Promotion of Social Capital: A Case study of Parish Pastoral Council for responsible Voting (PPCRV) in Igbaras in 1998 and 2001 local election.
    Abstract: This study looked into the role of PPCRV as a civil society group in promoting social capital by providing substantive knowledge about importance of electoral exercise to democracy, civic duties, and nurturing social relationships. Among the activities of PPCRV are voter’s education, voter’s assistance and poll watching. Of these activities, most members focused more intensively on voter’s education. The members registered over all high levels of social capital. However, trust in the organization and its rules registered high level of approval compared to trust on other members. Cooperation with members in observing organization rules registered higher levels of approval compared to cooperation among members beyond organization rules. Association based on organization is higher compared to association among members beyond organization. Generally, PPCRV has generated a high level of social capital. This high level of social capital prompts members to work steadfastly even in the presence of transportation, financial and logistics constraints. This study examined social capital by surveying thirty-five (35) PPCRV members in Igbaras.
    Daniel, Daniele S. Women elected into public office with women’s agenda in the city of Bacolod.
    Abstract: This is a case study of four women councillors in Bacolod City who ran under women’s agenda from 1992-2001. Using interviews and public documents, the study examined their affiliation with the women’s movement prior to being elected position, their experiences inside the council, the strategies they adopted to overcome male domination and low prioritization of women’s concerns inside the council, and the pro-women ordinances they were able to pass. Before the women councillors’ entry into public office, they were already affiliated with socio-civic organizations and the women’s movement. Their initial experience inside the council was never easy but as their increased, their male colleagues have become more open to the idea of prioritizing women’s concerns. Since 1992, these women councillors initiated and successfully passed thirteen pro-women ordinances, of which seven were substantive. The study reveals that the increasing number of women in the legislature had contributed to the increasing centrality of women’s concerns/issues, resulting to the formulation of more pro-women ordinances.

    Dayo, Ziny B. The anti-smoking ordinance as implemented in the city of Iloilo: A policy analysis.

    Abstract: This study examines the dynamics behind the impact of the two anti-smoking ordinances—No. 84 and No. 2002-225 in Iloilo City. This study aims to explain the factors that influence policy formulation and the effect of policy formulation on implementation of the ordinances banning smoking in public areas in the city. This study utilized the use of primary and secondary date. The researcher used Key Informant Interviews as the primary data gathering mechanism. Through purposive sampling, 39 respondents-7 city councillors, 31 volunteer Task force Against Smoking were interviewed. The agenda setting, formulation and implementation stages are affected by the political behaviour of the legislators and demands from pressure and interest groups. The political will of sponsors as shown in their conviction and support led to the unanimous approval of the ordinance at the legislature. The content of the formulated ordinance affected the implementation process. The anti-smoking initiative receives strong media support and compliance from target groups.
    Del Rosario, Jo-an C. and Gandarosa, Laarani Zorayda S. Gender sensitivity level of the municipal PNP women’s desks in the province of Antique: its implications on the functions and accomplishments of the office.
    Abstract: This is an exploratory study of the gender-sensitivity level of the personnel of the PNP Women’s Desk in the Province of Antique. This study utilized self-administered questionnaires and unstructured interview schedules. The respondents of the study were composed of the personnel=l of the PNP Women’s Desks in the twelve selected municipalities of Antique namely: Sebaste, Culasi, Tibiao, Barbaza,Laua-an, Valderrma, San Remigio, Sibalom, San Jose, Hamtic, Tobias Fornier and Anini-y. Another set of respondents was taken from local government agencies that were tasked to assess the PNP Women’s desks personnel. Some civilians were also tested of their levels of awareness about the PNP Women’s desk. As validity test, the study utilized Pearson product Moment Correlation Coefficient in measuring the relationship between the independent and dependent variables in the study. The study found out those socio-economic factors such as age, income, educational attainment, religion and length of service did not affect the gender-sensitivity level of PNP Women’s Desk Officer. Although the preliminary findings of the study showed that a younger population exhibits high gender-sensitivity, the Product Moment Correlation Coefficient proved it otherwise. Membership in gender-related organizations on the other hand, seemed to affect the gender-sensitivity level of PNP Women’s Desk Officer. Gender-sensitivity of the PNP Women’s Desk in general, seemed to affect the effectivity of the office. Aside from gender-sensitivity, the socio-economic status of the locality, information dissemination campaigns of gender-related issues conducted in the community, and alliances with other government agencies affect the effectivity of the office. It was found out in the study that civilian population were generally unaware of the PNP Women’s Desk and there is a need for further information dissemination campaigns regarding gender-related issues and the roel of PNP Women’s Desk in the communities. In general, the study found out that the PNP Women’s desks in the Province of Antique is ineffective due to a number of factors that were raised by the findings of the study.

    Dela Cruz, Llere Mae T. and Oriel, Venus V. The political integration of the Bukidnons in Garangan, Calinog.
    Abstract: This study sought to know the extent of political integration of the indigenous group, Bukidnons, in Garangan, Calinog, Iloilo, vis-a-vis the mainstream Filipino Society. Moreover, the study was done in order to present the Bukidnon’s views regarding political integration. This study was exploratory in nature, which utilized the unstructured interview to gather data from the identified respondents in Garangan, Calinog, Illoilo. The interview was conducted on 147 respondents aging 15-66. Direct observation together with the field notes and diary were also used. The gathered data were documented on paper. For the purposes of analysis and discussion, the gathered data were organized in tables and themes. The study showed that socio-demographic factors such as the educational attainment and status and rank affected the Bukidnon’s willingness and receptivity to political integration. Their educational attainment affects their view on nationalism, their awareness on national identity, their participation in national and local political processes, their acceptance of present social, economic, and political conditions, and their views on contemporary issues and problems. Bukidnons with higher educational attainment have greater knowledge regarding the country, government, and political integration as a whole. Bukidnons who are equipped with higher educational attainment are also receptive to changes whatever it would be and find solutions to the problems that may accompany. Aside from educational attainment, the study shows that Bukidnons with higher status and rank in their community are more aware of the things mentioned and they have more knowledge regarding the community and government as a whole. They want to be integrated because for them it signifies development and alleviating their standard of living. The findings of the study showed that the Bukidnons more likely wanted political integration but the problem lies on the attention given to them by the government because they are considered marginalized, living in the interior are of Central Panay. But there is a greater possibility that political integration would be easy because there are some indicators that they would be politically integrated in the mainstream society, however, it would become static if the government will not take initiative to bring them into the mainstream since as stated earlier, government plays a significant role in the Bukidnons’ political integration. Government’s effective strategies would be: encouraging Bukidnons to participate in socio-economic activities outside their barangay, appointing political authorities over them, imposing state’s legal judicial system properly and establishing necessary infrastructure such as roads=s, electricity, schools and water system would lead a way to their integration. Roads could bridge the possibility of frequent interaction with the mainstream this encouraging political integration. Moreover, schools are necessary because education plays a major role in the political integration of the Bukidnons.

    Dolendo, Sigrid Mae M. and Grino, Leonard A. Police organizational structure and policies, and the “socio-political culture” of the two communities in Iloilo City proper: their influence on police strategy and discretion.
    Abstract: This study examined how police beat officers behave and act accordingly and adaptively to fulfil their tasks as affected by political factors such as the established policies and organizational structure and the social-political character of the communities from where they operate. Utilizing key-informant interviews, community profiling, ocular inspection and secondary data reviews as data gathering methods, this research particularly addressed the following themes: (1) how the police behaves in the field on the context of police discretion and strategy, (2) the influence of the police organizational structure, rules, and policies on police strategy and discretion, and (3) the influence of the “socio-political culture” on police strategy and discretion. The beat officers are aware of the procedures they should follow set by the police organization in responding to a crime. However, police officers usually curb such protocol and procedures to suit the strategy of the law enforcer. The influence of the “socio-political culture” of the community is evident in that beat officers usually adapt to the kind and character of the community they function. The officers would devise strategies through their own initiatives that would be adept and effective to the socio-political character of the community. The organizational structure, policies and rules of the police precinct are limited to creating guidelines to harness police jobs and check police actions. The character of the community and the socio-political factors present in the area of operation largely define the extent to which the police acts – to arrest, search, apprehend, seize, or to deploy unconventional strategies.
    Fara-on, Aubry F. The role of Banate Bay Resource management Council, Inc. in the promotion of social capital of fisher folks in Banate Philippines.
    Abstract: The study aimed to (1) determine the degree of understanding, usage and promotion of social capital of the Banate Bay resource management Council, (2) determine and analyse the level of horizontal social capital operating before and during the operation fo BBRMCI as evaluated by the fisher folks of Banate, (3)determine and analyze the level of vertical social capital operating before and during the operation of BBRMCI as evaluated by the fisher folks of Banate, and (4) evaluate the effects of social capital development promoted by the BBRMCI on the lives of the fisher folks of Banate.
    The methods applied to answer the objectives of the study include secondary data analysis, key informant interview and structured interview (open and close-ended questions and statements). The structured interview was designed to elicit fisher folks perceptions on the levels of their social capital and the benefits they acquired. The questionnaire is composed of statements in the form of a Likert Scale and questions to measure the level of social capital of fisher folks before and during the operation of BBRMCI.
    The respondents of the study are members of the Barangay Fisheries and Aquatic Resource Management Councils of Banate, Iloilo which are also registered members of the BBRMCI. They were made to answer the structured survey questionnaire individually. The Executive Director of BBRMCI was chosen as the key informant of this study.
    The study observed that the BBRMCI is promoting social capital implicitly and unconsciously through its programs and projects. Respondents also perceived that although Banate Bay is properly managed by BBRMCI, still a majority perceived that their lives are much better before the opertation of the BBRMCI. Results also showed the level of horizontal and vertiacal social capital of the fisher folks increased during the operation of the BBRMCI and a majority of the respondents have acquired benefits from the programs and projets of the BBRMCI. Apparently, less than half of the total respondents believed that their lives improved because of the benefits acquired from BBRMCI.
    Focbit, Jayrose P. and Llamo, Quincy F. Socio civic involvement of the military in Camp general Macario Peralta Jr., Jamindan, Capiz.
    Abstract:The military refers to a professional organization possessing skills in the use and management of violence. The traditional role of the military is to defend and protect the country from external threats and aggressions. They have become involved in yet another non-traditional, which is being catalyst of progress. They engaged in various socio-civic activities in the community.
    Several studies have been conducted on the Philippine military. These studies are confined to the military’s historical, political, organizational and institutional structures. So far, only a few numbers of empirical studies have been made focusing on the social dimension of the military. This is a descriptive study on the socio-civic involvement of the military in Camp General Macario Peralta Jr., Jamindan, Capiz. The study was conducted among 82 randomly selected civilian respondents from Brgy. Jaena Norte, Jamindan, Capiz and 100 military respondents from various units of the 3rd Infantry (Spearhead) Division of Camp Peralta. An interview guide for civilian respondents and survey questionnaires for the military respondents were utilized for data collection.
    The results of the study showed that the military of the 3rd Infantry (Spearhead) Divion in Camp Peralta perform various socio-civic activities. The military has a very positive perception towards the performance of the socio-civic activities. The primary consideration of the military respondents in determining the area for civic activities are recipients belonging to the poor and unprivileged areas with no access to government services and other agencies. They coordinated with the NGOs, LGU, Pos and other government agencies and Barangay officials in informing the civilians with regards to the conduct of socio-civic avtivities. The primary reason of the military for conducting CIVAC is to bring government services and other programs closer to the people in order to help improve the living conditions. There is significant difference in the perception of the civilian respondents before and after the military’s performance of socio-civic activities. The civilian’s perception became more positive towards the military. Furthermore, most of these civilian respondents participate in civic activities of the military.
    Gestoso, Sheila May C. and Villagracia, Eileen M. Conflict mangagement in Iloilo City: A case study, on Mayor jerry P. Trenas leadership, in implementing urban development and housing act of 1992.
    Abstract: The study describes and examines the political leadership style and conflict management skills and technique of Iloilo City Mayor Jerry P. Trenas in addressing urban squatting problems of Brgy. North Fundidor, Molo and Brgys. San Nicola, Railway and Rizal of La Paz. Using interviews, public documents and news paper archival research, this study documented the Iloilo City government’s initiatives in solving the squatting problems and the Mayor’s involvement in dealing with the conflict between opposing parties of these contested private and public lands. The finding of the study was that Mayor Trenas was able to reduce squatting-related conflicts within a manageable level. However, he was ineffective in delivering the demands of the urban poo squatters, which resulted in escalating the conflict to politically unfavourable outcomes. Therefore, in a decentralized government, the inefficient and ineffective delivery of goods and services to the urban poor by the local chief executive through delegation conversely reflects an ineffective political leadership.
    Go, Ruby Jane M. and Lopez, Charlene Joy R. The intra-civil society relations and the role of civil society groups in Philippine democratization from 1986 to 2001: a perspective from city of Iloilo.
    Abstract: This study examines the relationship between and among civil society groups (CSGs) including religious institutions or traditional non-government organizations (TANGOs) and ideological forces in Iloilo City, as well as the role of the said civil society groups in relation to the Philippine democratization from 1986 to 2001.
    The subjects of this study are religious institutions and ideological forces of the national and social democratic leaning, and the group’s respective key leaders. The leaders, who were visible from democratic transition to consolidation and only during consolidation, were interviewed. The conduct of the study was held from November 2003 to February 2004 in the city of Iloilo.
    This study found out that the relations between Iloilo-based CSGs after 1986 were affected by the ideological split at the national level of their organizations. In order to ease the conflict between the two forces, religious institutions intervened as mediator. All of the CSGs had their own strategies in uniting with each other for a common cause and made alliances and coalitions. The findings about the participation of the Catholic Church in Iloilo during the democratic transition deviated from the mainstream analysis, which says that the Church was the major active proponent for anti-dictatorship actions.
    Jallorina, Stephanie L. and Nerplol, Rona N. An evaluation of the effectiveness of Iloilo city government in regulating solid waste disposal on selected barangays in Iloilo city proper.
    Abstract: This study is an evaluation of how effective is the Iloilo City government in regulating solid waste disposal in Barangay Danao and among 33 household and 27 commercial establishments of Barangay Flores. Personal interviews with the heads of the Office of Public Services, Department of Environment and Natural Resources-Environmental Management Bureau, Department of Health-Environmental Sanitation Inspection, City Environmental and Natural Resources Office and J.S. Layson and Co. Inc. We conducted to solicit substantial information about the regulation and regulatory mechanisms. Secondary data and library materials were also utilized as references for the casual study. The study utilizes the Likert-type scale as the statistical tool fot the survey results.
    Based on findings, collection of fees is the only mechanism employed by the city to regulate solid waste disposal. The respondents of two barangays do not have a sense of responsibility towards their garbage at pre-collection stage. It was found out that solid waste management programs are poorly implemented, thus, people do not segregate and recycle their garbage. Moreover, no legislation has been pursued for a decade and even under the current administration. The city adopts antiquated ordinances and national environmental laws.
    The city government is rated “more effective” because of limited logistics and budget. Despite the local initiatives and coordination of the regulatory institutions, solid waste problem is still an issue in the city.

    Jamolangue, Mila Mae L. and Torril, Jennifer M. Awareness and political participation of local rice farmers in Passi City on local government extension programs.
    Abstract: The study sought to determine and describe the structure of relationship between the awareness and political participation of the local rice farmers of Passi City in the implementation of local government extension programs. The study also aims to determine the significance of certain socio-economic characteristics (age, income, number of years in rice farming, educational attainment) to the level of awareness and political participation of the respondents. The participants of the study constituted eighty-two (82) local rice farmers coming from Brgy. Pagaypay, Brgy. Sto. Tomas and Brgy. Gemat-y.
    A survey questionnaire was constructed to measure the awareness and political participation of local rice farmers’ visa-avis the local government extension programs. The responses were analyed using Factor Analysis and Canonical Correlation Analysis. A structured interview was also utilized to gather qualitative data from the key informant local rice farmers of the study to supplement the quantitative analysis derived from the responses in the survey questionnaire.
    The study showed that awareness positively translates into political participation.

    Padilla, Agnes L. and Torres, Laisa Flor M. The participation of PO, DENR, and LGU in the Community-Based Forest management program towards sustainable forest management in Maasin.
    Abstract: This study aims to determine the role, functions and level of participation of PO, DENR and LGU in the Community Based Forest Management Program Towards Sustainable Forest Management.
    The study was conducted in the Municipality of Maasin particularly where the CBForM Program was implemented. There were 28 purposively chosen respondents in the study. Six were from DENR, 19 from the PO and 4 from the LGU. They were given questionnaires that would assess their participation in the program and questionnaires that would also assess the participation of the two other actors. Their participation was assessed based on their performance in of their roles and functions as stipulated in the program. Further, criteria were set in quantifying their participation. For the PO, the criteria were participation in the implementation of the program, participation in terms of legal compliance, and participation in terms of rendering support to the organization. For the DENR, the criteria included participation in the implementation of the program, participation in terms of rendering support to the PO and participation in terms of monitoring and evaluation. And for the LGU, the criteria were participation in terms of rendering support for the program, participation in the monitoring and evaluation and participation in terms of establishing linkages with other institutions.
    It was found out that the KAPAWAand the DENR have high level of participation while the LGU’s participation was rated average.
    Palmares, Louie P. and Suyo, Ferdie D. The dynamics of local functionalism in the first district of Iloilo and its significance to the national party system.
    Abstract: This study is an introspection on the dynamics of factions in the First District of Iloilo in the 1980, 1992, and 1998 elections. This study explores and analyzes factional dynamics in line with Carl Lande’s theory on the reciprocal-causal relationship between the national party and local faction.
    This study was conducted from October 2003 to February 2004 in the First District of Iloilo which is composed of seven (7) municipalities namely: Oton, Tigbauan, Guimabal, Tubungan, Igbaras, Miag-ao, San Joaquin. Structured and non-structured interview schedules were utilized to gather related information from twenty-six (26) respondents who participated in varying degrees during the 1980, 1992, and 1998 elections. Persons, who did not participated directly in the elections but have been part of the factions, were also interviewed. Documents from COMELEC, Manila as well as Municipal Planning and Development Office (MPDO) of the seven municipalities, articles from archival research and library materials were also utilized.
    There was no election contest to divide the First District into two or more factions during the 1980 election. The 1992 and 1998 elections however, was characterized by bifactionalism in the District. The First District was divided into two factions: the Pro-Garin and the Anti-Garin factions. These local factions exist to serve as election machinery of the national parties and of candidates for congressional post. Support for national party does not strictly follow partisan considerations but availability of campaign funds and other prospective rewards in the event of electoral victory by Presidential candidates. While factions and parties exist for mutual coordination, there is no reciprocal-causal relationship that exist between them.
    Sembrano, Jennylou and Quidet, Magnolia T. The role of leadership in promoting peace and order: a case study of the regime of Mayor Rodrigo Duterte in Davao City (1988-2004).
    Abstract: With the passage of the 1991 Local Government Code, there was a transfer of power from the national to the local government. In this regard, local leaders are given more authority in governing their respective communities. Political leadership in this case becomes more critical. In the case of political instability, local leaders are compelled to use their ingenuity, audacity and willingness to address crises situations.
    This is a case study of Davao Mayor Rodrigo Duterte’s strategies to improve the peace and ‘order situation of Davao City. Through interviews and newspaper archival research, this study sought to examine the controversial dimensions of his strategies; the changes in the peace and order situation in Davao City before and during his terms; and the local constituent’s perception on the peace and order measure taken by him. It also examines the relationship among the local mayor, the PNP and the military with regards to their efforts in achieving peace and order. This study also seeks to explain the relationship between the leadership of the local chief executive, the establishment of peace and order and the legitimacy of his leadership.
    Mayor Duterte- with his distinctive styles and trategies in promoting peace and order is highly successful in combating insurgency related crimes and street crimes such as theft, robbery drugs, etc. Although he is alleged to have strategy that questions human right violation (the notorious Davao Death Squad), there was no public outcry and he was well accepted by his constituents – as shown in by the number of terms he was re-elected into office and the massive votes he obtained during the past election years.

    Tanes, Steve F. A comparative analysis on the conversion of municipalities into component cities: the cases of Escalante City and Himamaylan City, Negros Occidental.
    Abstract:

  8. Jane and Jeemon said

    Berbolla, Nelry Joy and Juada, Kristine Anne P. Factors affecting the people’s advocacy in Barangay San Pedro, San Jose, Antique.

    Abstract: This study sought to determine the factors that lead people to advocate or not on the issue. It wanted to find out if there was a relationship between (a) educational attainment, (b) annual family income, (c) personal awareness on the issue, and (d) perceived health and environmental advantages or disadvantages and people’s advocacy. The study was conducted in Barangay San Pedro, San Jose, Antique with 320 respondents. Self-administered questionnaires which included a translation in Hiligaynon were given to these respondents. The questionnaire has two parts, (a) the respondents’ educational attainment and annual family income; (b) the Likert-type scale composed of a number of statements designed to determine the relationship of advocacy to personal awareness on the issue, and perceived health and environmental advantages or disadvantages of the issue or project. Hence, the response options of the respondents for this scale were strongly disagree, disagree, neutral, agree, and strongly agree. Using the Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient, the study yielded the following results: a negligible relationship between advocacy and educational attainment, a negligible relationship between advocacy and personal awareness on the issue, and a negligible relationship between advocacy and perceived health and environmental advantages or disadvantages of the issue or project. Simply, out of the lists four factors that may affect the people’s advocacy, only the personal awareness on the issue had the possibility of affecting the people’s advocacy. All the others were proven to have no effect on the people’s advocacy.

    Biboso, Rissa A. And Salar, Edmund B. Factors affecting compliance of Iloilo City jeepney drivers (Molo via City High and Jaro Mandurriao) with the anti-smoking ordinance, an assessment of local government unit (LGU) ordinance implementation.

    Abstract: The study sought to determine the factors affecting compliance of Iloilo City jeepney drivers to the anti-smoking ordinance, as well as assess the implementing mechanisms of the LGU in enforcing the said ordinance. Forty three (43) jeepney drivers plying two routes served as the respondents of the study, seven drivers from the Molo via City High route and thirty six respondents from Jaro Mandurriao. Likert scales were used to measure the respondents’ level of awareness regarding the ordinance and level of perception of legitimacy of authority. On the other hand, rating scales were used to rank the respondents’ reasons for compliance to the anti-smoking ordinance. Results showed that age and educational attainment do not affect the level of awareness and perception of legitimacy of authority of the jeepney drivers. Furthermore, the primary reasons for the jeepney drivers’ compliance to the anti-smoking ordinance were their level of awareness of the ordinance, the P300.00 fine for violators, confiscation of driver’s license and the presence of the Anti-Smoking Task Force. Results showed that the implementing mechanisms employed by the LGU were effective.

    Cadiao, Juna Mae B. and Itona, Mitzi Grace H. Civil Society and the Promotion of Social Capital: A Case study of Parish Pastoral Council for responsible Voting (PPCRV) in Igbaras in 1998 and 2001 local election.

    Abstract: This study looked into the role of PPCRV as a civil society group in promoting social capital by providing substantive knowledge about importance of electoral exercise to democracy, civic duties, and nurturing social relationships. Among the activities of PPCRV are voter’s education, voter’s assistance and poll watching. Of these activities, most members focused more intensively on voter’s education. The members registered over all high levels of social capital. However, trust in the organization and its rules registered high level of approval compared to trust on other members. Cooperation with members in observing organization rules registered higher levels of approval compared to cooperation among members beyond organization rules. Association based on organization is higher compared to association among members beyond organization. Generally, PPCRV has generated a high level of social capital. This high level of social capital prompts members to work steadfastly even in the presence of transportation, financial and logistics constraints. This study examined social capital by surveying thirty-five (35) PPCRV members in Igbaras.

    Daniel, Daniele S. Women elected into public office with women’s agenda in the city of Bacolod.

    Abstract: This is a case study of four women councillors in Bacolod City who ran under women’s agenda from 1992-2001. Using interviews and public documents, the study examined their affiliation with the women’s movement prior to being elected position, their experiences inside the council, the strategies they adopted to overcome male domination and low prioritization of women’s concerns inside the council, and the pro-women ordinances they were able to pass. Before the women councillors’ entry into public office, they were already affiliated with socio-civic organizations and the women’s movement. Their initial experience inside the council was never easy but as their increased, their male colleagues have become more open to the idea of prioritizing women’s concerns. Since 1992, these women councillors initiated and successfully passed thirteen pro-women ordinances, of which seven were substantive. The study reveals that the increasing number of women in the legislature had contributed to the increasing centrality of women’s concerns/issues, resulting to the formulation of more pro-women ordinances.

    Dayo, Ziny B. The anti-smoking ordinance as implemented in the city of Iloilo: A policy analysis.

    Abstract: This study examines the dynamics behind the impact of the two anti-smoking ordinances—No. 84 and No. 2002-225 in Iloilo City. This study aims to explain the factors that influence policy formulation and the effect of policy formulation on implementation of the ordinances banning smoking in public areas in the city. This study utilized the use of primary and secondary date. The researcher used Key Informant Interviews as the primary data gathering mechanism. Through purposive sampling, 39 respondents-7 city councillors, 31 volunteer Task force Against Smoking were interviewed. The agenda setting, formulation and implementation stages are affected by the political behaviour of the legislators and demands from pressure and interest groups. The political will of sponsors as shown in their conviction and support led to the unanimous approval of the ordinance at the legislature. The content of the formulated ordinance affected the implementation process. The anti-smoking initiative receives strong media support and compliance from target groups.

    Del Rosario, Jo-an C. and Gandarosa, Laarani Zorayda S. Gender sensitivity level of the municipal PNP women’s desks in the province of Antique: its implications on the functions and accomplishments of the office.

    Abstract: This is an exploratory study of the gender-sensitivity level of the personnel of the PNP Women’s Desk in the Province of Antique. This study utilized self-administered questionnaires and unstructured interview schedules. The respondents of the study were composed of the personnel=l of the PNP Women’s Desks in the twelve selected municipalities of Antique namely: Sebaste, Culasi, Tibiao, Barbaza,Laua-an, Valderrma, San Remigio, Sibalom, San Jose, Hamtic, Tobias Fornier and Anini-y. Another set of respondents was taken from local government agencies that were tasked to assess the PNP Women’s desks personnel. Some civilians were also tested of their levels of awareness about the PNP Women’s desk. As validity test, the study utilized Pearson product Moment Correlation Coefficient in measuring the relationship between the independent and dependent variables in the study. The study found out those socio-economic factors such as age, income, educational attainment, religion and length of service did not affect the gender-sensitivity level of PNP Women’s Desk Officer. Although the preliminary findings of the study showed that a younger population exhibits high gender-sensitivity, the Product Moment Correlation Coefficient proved it otherwise. Membership in gender-related organizations on the other hand, seemed to affect the gender-sensitivity level of PNP Women’s Desk Officer. Gender-sensitivity of the PNP Women’s Desk in general, seemed to affect the effectivity of the office. Aside from gender-sensitivity, the socio-economic status of the locality, information dissemination campaigns of gender-related issues conducted in the community, and alliances with other government agencies affect the effectivity of the office. It was found out in the study that civilian population were generally unaware of the PNP Women’s Desk and there is a need for further information dissemination campaigns regarding gender-related issues and the roel of PNP Women’s Desk in the communities. In general, the study found out that the PNP Women’s desks in the Province of Antique is ineffective due to a number of factors that were raised by the findings of the study.

    Dela Cruz, Llere Mae T. and Oriel, Venus V. The political integration of the Bukidnons in Garangan, Calinog.

    Abstract: This study sought to know the extent of political integration of the indigenous group, Bukidnons, in Garangan, Calinog, Iloilo, vis-a-vis the mainstream Filipino Society. Moreover, the study was done in order to present the Bukidnon’s views regarding political integration. This study was exploratory in nature, which utilized the unstructured interview to gather data from the identified respondents in Garangan, Calinog, Illoilo. The interview was conducted on 147 respondents aging 15-66. Direct observation together with the field notes and diary were also used. The gathered data were documented on paper. For the purposes of analysis and discussion, the gathered data were organized in tables and themes. The study showed that socio-demographic factors such as the educational attainment and status and rank affected the Bukidnon’s willingness and receptivity to political integration. Their educational attainment affects their view on nationalism, their awareness on national identity, their participation in national and local political processes, their acceptance of present social, economic, and political conditions, and their views on contemporary issues and problems. Bukidnons with higher educational attainment have greater knowledge regarding the country, government, and political integration as a whole. Bukidnons who are equipped with higher educational attainment are also receptive to changes whatever it would be and find solutions to the problems that may accompany. Aside from educational attainment, the study shows that Bukidnons with higher status and rank in their community are more aware of the things mentioned and they have more knowledge regarding the community and government as a whole. They want to be integrated because for them it signifies development and alleviating their standard of living. The findings of the study showed that the Bukidnons more likely wanted political integration but the problem lies on the attention given to them by the government because they are considered marginalized, living in the interior are of Central Panay. But there is a greater possibility that political integration would be easy because there are some indicators that they would be politically integrated in the mainstream society, however, it would become static if the government will not take initiative to bring them into the mainstream since as stated earlier, government plays a significant role in the Bukidnons’ political integration. Government’s effective strategies would be: encouraging Bukidnons to participate in socio-economic activities outside their barangay, appointing political authorities over them, imposing state’s legal judicial system properly and establishing necessary infrastructure such as roads, electricity, schools and water system would lead a way to their integration. Roads could bridge the possibility of frequent interaction with the mainstream this encouraging political integration. Moreover, schools are necessary because education plays a major role in the political integration of the Bukidnons.

    Dolendo, Sigrid Mae M. and Grino, Leonard A. Police organizational structure and policies, and the “socio-political culture” of the two communities in Iloilo City proper: their influence on police strategy and discretion.

    Abstract: This study examined how police beat officers behave and act accordingly and adaptively to fulfil their tasks as affected by political factors such as the established policies and organizational structure and the social-political character of the communities from where they operate. Utilizing key-informant interviews, community profiling, ocular inspection and secondary data reviews as data gathering methods, this research particularly addressed the following themes: (1) how the police behaves in the field on the context of police discretion and strategy, (2) the influence of the police organizational structure, rules, and policies on police strategy and discretion, and (3) the influence of the “socio-political culture” on police strategy and discretion. The beat officers are aware of the procedures they should follow set by the police organization in responding to a crime. However, police officers usually curb such protocol and procedures to suit the strategy of the law enforcer. The influence of the “socio-political culture” of the community is evident in that beat officers usually adapt to the kind and character of the community they function. The officers would devise strategies through their own initiatives that would be adept and effective to the socio-political character of the community. The organizational structure, policies and rules of the police precinct are limited to creating guidelines to harness police jobs and check police actions. The character of the community and the socio-political factors present in the area of operation largely define the extent to which the police acts – to arrest, search, apprehend, seize, or to deploy unconventional strategies.

    Fara-on, Aubry F. The role of Banate Bay Resource management Council, Inc. in the promotion of social capital of fisher folks in Banate Philippines.

    Abstract: The study aimed to (1) determine the degree of understanding, usage and promotion of social capital of the Banate Bay resource management Council, (2) determine and analyse the level of horizontal social capital operating before and during the operation fo BBRMCI as evaluated by the fisher folks of Banate, (3)determine and analyze the level of vertical social capital operating before and during the operation of BBRMCI as evaluated by the fisher folks of Banate, and (4) evaluate the effects of social capital development promoted by the BBRMCI on the lives of the fisher folks of Banate.
    The methods applied to answer the objectives of the study include secondary data analysis, key informant interview and structured interview (open and close-ended questions and statements). The structured interview was designed to elicit fisher folks perceptions on the levels of their social capital and the benefits they acquired. The questionnaire is composed of statements in the form of a Likert Scale and questions to measure the level of social capital of fisher folks before and during the operation of BBRMCI.
    The respondents of the study are members of the Barangay Fisheries and Aquatic Resource Management Councils of Banate, Iloilo which are also registered members of the BBRMCI. They were made to answer the structured survey questionnaire individually. The Executive Director of BBRMCI was chosen as the key informant of this study.
    The study observed that the BBRMCI is promoting social capital implicitly and unconsciously through its programs and projects. Respondents also perceived that although Banate Bay is properly managed by BBRMCI, still a majority perceived that their lives are much better before the opertation of the BBRMCI. Results also showed the level of horizontal and vertiacal social capital of the fisher folks increased during the operation of the BBRMCI and a majority of the respondents have acquired benefits from the programs and projets of the BBRMCI. Apparently, less than half of the total respondents believed that their lives improved because of the benefits acquired from BBRMCI.

    Focbit, Jayrose P. and Llamo, Quincy F. Socio civic involvement of the military in Camp general Macario Peralta Jr., Jamindan, Capiz.

    Abstract:The military refers to a professional organization possessing skills in the use and management of violence. The traditional role of the military is to defend and protect the country from external threats and aggressions. They have become involved in yet another non-traditional, which is being catalyst of progress. They engaged in various socio-civic activities in the community.
    Several studies have been conducted on the Philippine military. These studies are confined to the military’s historical, political, organizational and institutional structures. So far, only a few numbers of empirical studies have been made focusing on the social dimension of the military. This is a descriptive study on the socio-civic involvement of the military in Camp General Macario Peralta Jr., Jamindan, Capiz. The study was conducted among 82 randomly selected civilian respondents from Brgy. Jaena Norte, Jamindan, Capiz and 100 military respondents from various units of the 3rd Infantry (Spearhead) Division of Camp Peralta. An interview guide for civilian respondents and survey questionnaires for the military respondents were utilized for data collection.
    The results of the study showed that the military of the 3rd Infantry (Spearhead) Divion in Camp Peralta perform various socio-civic activities. The military has a very positive perception towards the performance of the socio-civic activities. The primary consideration of the military respondents in determining the area for civic activities are recipients belonging to the poor and unprivileged areas with no access to government services and other agencies. They coordinated with the NGOs, LGU, Pos and other government agencies and Barangay officials in informing the civilians with regards to the conduct of socio-civic avtivities. The primary reason of the military for conducting CIVAC is to bring government services and other programs closer to the people in order to help improve the living conditions. There is significant difference in the perception of the civilian respondents before and after the military’s performance of socio-civic activities. The civilian’s perception became more positive towards the military. Furthermore, most of these civilian respondents participate in civic activities of the military.

    Gestoso, Sheila May C. and Villagracia, Eileen M. Conflict mangagement in Iloilo City: A case study, on Mayor jerry P. Trenas leadership, in implementing urban development and housing act of 1992.

    Abstract: The study describes and examines the political leadership style and conflict management skills and technique of Iloilo City Mayor Jerry P. Trenas in addressing urban squatting problems of Brgy. North Fundidor, Molo and Brgys. San Nicola, Railway and Rizal of La Paz. Using interviews, public documents and news paper archival research, this study documented the Iloilo City government’s initiatives in solving the squatting problems and the Mayor’s involvement in dealing with the conflict between opposing parties of these contested private and public lands. The finding of the study was that Mayor Trenas was able to reduce squatting-related conflicts within a manageable level. However, he was ineffective in delivering the demands of the urban poo squatters, which resulted in escalating the conflict to politically unfavourable outcomes. Therefore, in a decentralized government, the inefficient and ineffective delivery of goods and services to the urban poor by the local chief executive through delegation conversely reflects an ineffective political leadership.

    Go, Ruby Jane M. and Lopez, Charlene Joy R. The intra-civil society relations and the role of civil society groups in Philippine democratization from 1986 to 2001: a perspective from city of Iloilo.

    Abstract: This study examines the relationship between and among civil society groups (CSGs) including religious institutions or traditional non-government organizations (TANGOs) and ideological forces in Iloilo City, as well as the role of the said civil society groups in relation to the Philippine democratization from 1986 to 2001.
    The subjects of this study are religious institutions and ideological forces of the national and social democratic leaning, and the group’s respective key leaders. The leaders, who were visible from democratic transition to consolidation and only during consolidation, were interviewed. The conduct of the study was held from November 2003 to February 2004 in the city of Iloilo.
    This study found out that the relations between Iloilo-based CSGs after 1986 were affected by the ideological split at the national level of their organizations. In order to ease the conflict between the two forces, religious institutions intervened as mediator. All of the CSGs had their own strategies in uniting with each other for a common cause and made alliances and coalitions. The findings about the participation of the Catholic Church in Iloilo during the democratic transition deviated from the mainstream analysis, which says that the Church was the major active proponent for anti-dictatorship actions.

    Jallorina, Stephanie L. and Nerplol, Rona N. An evaluation of the effectiveness of Iloilo city government in regulating solid waste disposal on selected barangays in Iloilo city proper.

    Abstract: This study is an evaluation of how effective is the Iloilo City government in regulating solid waste disposal in Barangay Danao and among 33 household and 27 commercial establishments of Barangay Flores. Personal interviews with the heads of the Office of Public Services, Department of Environment and Natural Resources-Environmental Management Bureau, Department of Health-Environmental Sanitation Inspection, City Environmental and Natural Resources Office and J.S. Layson and Co. Inc. We conducted to solicit substantial information about the regulation and regulatory mechanisms. Secondary data and library materials were also utilized as references for the casual study. The study utilizes the Likert-type scale as the statistical tool fot the survey results.
    Based on findings, collection of fees is the only mechanism employed by the city to regulate solid waste disposal. The respondents of two barangays do not have a sense of responsibility towards their garbage at pre-collection stage. It was found out that solid waste management programs are poorly implemented, thus, people do not segregate and recycle their garbage. Moreover, no legislation has been pursued for a decade and even under the current administration. The city adopts antiquated ordinances and national environmental laws.
    The city government is rated “more effective” because of limited logistics and budget. Despite the local initiatives and coordination of the regulatory institutions, solid waste problem is still an issue in the city.

    Jamolangue, Mila Mae L. and Torril, Jennifer M. Awareness and political participation of local rice farmers in Passi City on local government extension programs.

    Abstract: The study sought to determine and describe the structure of relationship between the awareness and political participation of the local rice farmers of Passi City in the implementation of local government extension programs. The study also aims to determine the significance of certain socio-economic characteristics (age, income, number of years in rice farming, educational attainment) to the level of awareness and political participation of the respondents. The participants of the study constituted eighty-two (82) local rice farmers coming from Brgy. Pagaypay, Brgy. Sto. Tomas and Brgy. Gemat-y.
    A survey questionnaire was constructed to measure the awareness and political participation of local rice farmers’ visa-avis the local government extension programs. The responses were analyed using Factor Analysis and Canonical Correlation Analysis. A structured interview was also utilized to gather qualitative data from the key informant local rice farmers of the study to supplement the quantitative analysis derived from the responses in the survey questionnaire.
    The study showed that awareness positively translates into political participation.

    Padilla, Agnes L. and Torres, Laisa Flor M. The participation of PO, DENR, and LGU in the Community-Based Forest management program towards sustainable forest management in Maasin.

    Abstract: This study aims to determine the role, functions and level of participation of PO, DENR and LGU in the Community Based Forest Management Program Towards Sustainable Forest Management.
    The study was conducted in the Municipality of Maasin particularly where the CBForM Program was implemented. There were 28 purposively chosen respondents in the study. Six were from DENR, 19 from the PO and 4 from the LGU. They were given questionnaires that would assess their participation in the program and questionnaires that would also assess the participation of the two other actors. Their participation was assessed based on their performance in of their roles and functions as stipulated in the program. Further, criteria were set in quantifying their participation. For the PO, the criteria were participation in the implementation of the program, participation in terms of legal compliance, and participation in terms of rendering support to the organization. For the DENR, the criteria included participation in the implementation of the program, participation in terms of rendering support to the PO and participation in terms of monitoring and evaluation. And for the LGU, the criteria were participation in terms of rendering support for the program, participation in the monitoring and evaluation and participation in terms of establishing linkages with other institutions.
    It was found out that the KAPAWAand the DENR have high level of participation while the LGU’s participation was rated average.

    Palmares, Louie P. and Suyo, Ferdie D. The dynamics of local functionalism in the first district of Iloilo and its significance to the national party system.

    Abstract: This study is an introspection on the dynamics of factions in the First District of Iloilo in the 1980, 1992, and 1998 elections. This study explores and analyzes factional dynamics in line with Carl Lande’s theory on the reciprocal-causal relationship between the national party and local faction.
    This study was conducted from October 2003 to February 2004 in the First District of Iloilo which is composed of seven (7) municipalities namely: Oton, Tigbauan, Guimabal, Tubungan, Igbaras, Miag-ao, San Joaquin. Structured and non-structured interview schedules were utilized to gather related information from twenty-six (26) respondents who participated in varying degrees during the 1980, 1992, and 1998 elections. Persons, who did not participated directly in the elections but have been part of the factions, were also interviewed. Documents from COMELEC, Manila as well as Municipal Planning and Development Office (MPDO) of the seven municipalities, articles from archival research and library materials were also utilized.
    There was no election contest to divide the First District into two or more factions during the 1980 election. The 1992 and 1998 elections however, was characterized by bifactionalism in the District. The First District was divided into two factions: the Pro-Garin and the Anti-Garin factions. These local factions exist to serve as election machinery of the national parties and of candidates for congressional post. Support for national party does not strictly follow partisan considerations but availability of campaign funds and other prospective rewards in the event of electoral victory by Presidential candidates. While factions and parties exist for mutual coordination, there is no reciprocal-causal relationship that exist between them.

    Sembrano, Jennylou and Quidet, Magnolia T. The role of leadership in promoting peace and order: a case study of the regime of Mayor Rodrigo Duterte in Davao City (1988-2004).

    Abstract: With the passage of the 1991 Local Government Code, there was a transfer of power from the national to the local government. In this regard, local leaders are given more authority in governing their respective communities. Political leadership in this case becomes more critical. In the case of political instability, local leaders are compelled to use their ingenuity, audacity and willingness to address crises situations.
    This is a case study of Davao Mayor Rodrigo Duterte’s strategies to improve the peace and ‘order situation of Davao City. Through interviews and newspaper archival research, this study sought to examine the controversial dimensions of his strategies; the changes in the peace and order situation in Davao City before and during his terms; and the local constituent’s perception on the peace and order measure taken by him. It also examines the relationship among the local mayor, the PNP and the military with regards to their efforts in achieving peace and order. This study also seeks to explain the relationship between the leadership of the local chief executive, the establishment of peace and order and the legitimacy of his leadership.
    Mayor Duterte- with his distinctive styles and trategies in promoting peace and order is highly successful in combating insurgency related crimes and street crimes such as theft, robbery drugs, etc. Although he is alleged to have strategy that questions human right violation (the notorious Davao Death Squad), there was no public outcry and he was well accepted by his constituents – as shown in by the number of terms he was re-elected into office and the massive votes he obtained during the past election years.

  9. Pio Tabernilla II said

    2009 Political Science Thesis Papers
    1) De Eyoy, Brian. The Nature of Muslim Local Political Participation: The Case of Barangay Magdalo, La Paz, Iloilo.

    Abstract:
    “The Nature of Muslim Local Political Participation: The Case of Barangay Magdalo, La Paz, Iloilo” is a qualitative case study of the forms and frequency of Muslim political participation and the persuasions behind them in the basic political unit of the Philippines, the barangay. As part of the rich Philippine subcultures, the dynamics behind Muslims political involvement in a system perceived by some to be a Christian model has been especially interesting. Steps to explore and better understand this dynamics is rooted partly from the stimulating claim of the incompatibility of Islam and Democracy and the less desirable history of Muslim-Christian confrontations in the context of the Philippines as well as the impetus of enhancing local governance through popular participation. And although major headways are always on the ground, further enrichment of the subject’s knowledge base is still significance. This study responds to such call for a deeper understanding. Especially important, it highlights the situation and interactions of a Muslim community lodged in a wider non-Muslim environment in relation to political participation. Apart from the description of the forms and frequency of Muslim local political participation, this study outlines important elements and factors that affect the inclination of Muslims for political involvement in the barangay and identifies the variables that discourage participation. Making use of the two initial data sets on the forms and frequency and the factors affecting participation finally, the study hopes to relate a location-wise approach on enhancing both formal and informal mechanisms for political participation on the Muslim community in Barangay Magdalo, La Paz, Iloilo. The aforementioned objectives were carried and investigated on the field using parameters and appropriate methodologies categorized fitting for a qualitative research. Purposive sampling was used to select the respondents for this study and a survey and key informant interview (KII) were utilized for gathering of data. Lastly, the analysis and presentation of the results are composed partly of a descriptive statistical analysis and elaborations, explanation of meanings in text and tabular forms.
    In terms of local political participation, the lack or absence of resources in the forms of time (most significantly), money and skills has proved to be a major constraint in the case of the Muslims in Barangay Magdalo, La Paz, Iloilo. Clinging to a single representative as well denies ordinary Muslims exposure to barangay officials and governmental processes at the local level. Awareness however of the venues and formal forms of participation is not minimal among the Muslims. In enhancing participation, LGUs could channel their efforts through the mosque where Muslims regularly gather to attend to their religious duties.

    2) Daquipil, Rey J., and Uy, William Jr. The Effect of Resource Appropriation on the Behavior of Mangrove Preservation in Bagong Buswang, Kalibo, Aklan.

    3) Claro, Darleen May, and Negrillo, Sheryl Joy C. The Role of the Local Government Unit in San Remegio Antique in Disaster Relief Operation: the case of Typhoon Frank.

    4) Marmeto, Ma. Angeli, and Parcon, Rushelle. Gender Articulation in the NSTP-ROTC of St. Anthony’s College, San Jose, Antique.

    5) Golingay, Karen, and Minas, JM. The Significance of Philippine Disaster Management Policies and Its Implications to the Role of the World Vision in Iloilo City on Disaster Relief Operations: The Case of Typhoon Frank.

    6) Manjares, Wilmont. An Assessment Study on LGU and TSKI Extension on Financial Services to Improve Community Well-being in Miagao, Iloilo.

    7) Quintana, Michael. The Philippine Electoral Context and Nuisance Candidates.

    8) Bastareche, Katrina, and Quitor, Meachel. Quarrying Operations of the Municipality of Janiuay and Sustainable Development.

    9) Fantilanan, Jahziel, and Sillo, Stephanie. The Political Attitudes of the Beneficiaries in Brgy. Sambag, Jaro, Iloilo City towards the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) Core Shelter Rehabilitation Program.

    Abstract:
    The study focused on the vulnerability of the beneficiaries of the DSWD Core Shelter Rehabilitation Program, a DSWD initiative for Typhoon Frank victims and its relation to their political attitudes towards the program. The measurement that was used was in three aspects- physical/material, attitudinal/motivational, and social/organizational. The three dimensions used to measure political attitudes are the political cognition, political affection, and political participation. The beneficiaries are categorized as having positive, negative, or neutral political attitudes.

    10) Baculna, Jennibeth, and Bayona, SA. A Study Concerning the Political Awareness towards Philippine Political Issues of Overseas Filipino Community and Local Residents of Brgy. Villamonte, Bacolod, Negros Occidental.

    Abstract:
    The thesis study aims to analyze the awareness towards Philippine political issues of the Filipinos who are currently living outside of the Philippines particularly in Canada and Australia and at the same time also look into Bacolod.
    Result of the study was that the political awareness of the local and abroad respondents was based upon their self-interest and personal values. Filipinos from Toowoomba and Quebec were not politically aware as they were busy with work and by that, they only had limited knowledge over the issues of politics in the Philippines. Local Residents were said to be aware of political issues since they were much exposed towards political matters every day.

    11) Espia, Junchris, and Tinas, Tina Mae. Local Government-NGO relationship during the emergency disaster response following the oil spill in Brgy. Tando, Nueva Valencia, Guimaras.

    12) Razon, Zenaida, and Villanueva, Ma. Jade. A Correlational Analysis of the Political Agenda Setting in Panay News and Sunstar Iloilo’s Front Pages and Editorials.

    Abstract:
    The research study analyzed the strength and direction of relationship between the political issues appearing in two community newspapers’ front pages and editorials, and the importance given to them by the selected current barangay officials. A correlational research design was utilized after the content analysis on the appearance of political issues in the front pages and editorials of Panay news and Sunstar Iloilo, and the results of the survey questionnaires on the ranking of the same set of political issues by the current barangay officials of La Paz and Jaro districts.

    Results:
    Positive correlations were noted in the direction of relationship of the two variables based on the type and level of government action and policy although their strength is generally weak and insignificant, except on the type of government action and policy where a very strong relationship was noted, and on the type of political contestation where the variables showed no relationship, at all.

    13) Bebelona, Diana Mae, and Fernandez, Charity. The Effect of NPA Rice Subsidy Program “Tindahan natin” on the Political Attitudes of its Rural Poor Household Beneficiaries in Brgy. Carandan, Janiuay, Iloilo.

    # # # #

    Sir, we are really sorry. We really found it difficult to locate the thesis papers of 2009. We spent almost the whole Tuesday going back and forth to the library and the Social Sciences Division to get a hold of even just a list of all the theses. The librarians said that they still did not receive the 2009 Pol Sci theses, except Mr. De Eyoy’s. However, when I went to the division, Nong Sam said that he already forwarded everything to the library and that they no longer even have a list of the titles of the theses. When I went back to the library again, they even let me in the room where they keep the new books stacked, and showed me the list of thesis papers for 2009. True to what they said, the 2009 Pol Sci thesis papers are still not around.
    Ate Sigrid was able to retrieve the list of the titles when she went to the library of the Iloilo City campus. She was not able to copy all of the abstracts though because she was there for a seminar workshop that lasted for the whole day. She was able to copy the titles during the break.

  10. nuelene said

    Abstract

    1. 1. The Perceived Responsiveness of Laws and Policies Addressing the Social Concerns, Needs, and Problems of South Korean Students Undertaking a Non-Degree Course in the City of Iloilo by Abastillas, Christine Joy and Shena Marie Armenta (Polsci-Psych)

    This study examines the perceived responsiveness of laws and policy addressing the social concerns, needs, problems of South Korean students undertaking a non-degree course in the city of Iloilo. It delves into the law and policy that governs these alien students namely the Office Memorandum Order No. 00-57 derived from the Philippine Immigration of 1940 and Revised Penal Code of the Philippines. The subject of this study are South Korean students taking up a non-degree English language course in 14 tutorial centers located in the city of Iloilo. Moreover, tutors employed in the said English language schools are as well interviewed to confirm some issues that South Korean students experience in their temporary sojourn in the city. The involvement the Bureau of Immigration Officer-In-Charge and the Iloilo City Legal Council Official as key informants were also critical in gathering some data pertinent to the concerns face by South Korean students as they provide profound information with a touch of legality. This study found out that the laws and policy identified and examined in this study partially address the social concerns, needs, and problems of alien students in Iloilo.The Penal Code only addresses alien’s safety concerns and problems while the Immigration Act on the other hand, solely addresses the matters relating to immigration procedures and requirements which includes the Special Student Permit. These two laws were found to have gaps since they do not address all the social concerns, needs, and problems of South Korean students in the city because of non-specificity of two laws and policy examined. Nonetheless, there still exists other domestic statutes and pronouncements that can address the concerns and problems of the alien students. Unfortunately, these laws are already outside the scope of their research project. Therefore, it is recommended that other laws be analyzed and as to know whether they effectively respond to the other social concerns, needs, and problems of South Korean non-degree course student or not.

    2. Interest Group Politics Behind the Proposed Construction of the Coal Fired Power Plant in Banate by Belgira, Rhoan Louiege and Lester Villanueva

    Their study looked into the political dynamics of interest group behind the proposed construction of the coal-fired power plant in Banate, Iloilo. Specifically, the study looked into how interest group define and value the environment, the strategies employed by interest group in their campaign, the resources utilized by the interest group, how interest group behave within the alliance, and the advocacy results of their campaign. The groups viewed the environment to be the surrounding that include the biophysical, biological and other elements. The group value the environment because of the benefit they can derive from it. The groups had given the same value and respect to the environment before and after the campaign. The strategies employed by the interest group in articulating their interest with regard to the issue were community organizing, information, and education campaign, mass mobilization, networking, and linkaging, tasking and research analysis and lobbying. The strategies that the groups employed were also reflective to what were suggested in the literature. On the building of alliance with other interest group, it is refelctive of the trend among interest groups today that is to build alliance in order to strengthen the campaign in pursuing their respective interests. The resources utilized in the duration of the campaign depended on what was available and demanded by that time. Mobilizable resources come from three major sources: beneficiary constituency, conscience constituency, and non-constituency institutions. The resources that were utilized by the interest group in the campaign were material resources such as human resources, financial resources, information and institutions, and the non-material resources such as time, connections, experiences, influence, credibility, authority, and prayers. Interest group within the alliance had varying levels of participation in the duration of campaign. Aside from strategies and resources employed by interest group in campaign, the political environment also played major role in the results of the campaign.The interest group view the upcoming 2004 elections as a big factor in the events of the campaign.

  11. nuelene said

    3. Prospects for Peace among the Fraternities in UP Visayas Miag-ao Campus by Calimoso, Lyndon F.

    Peace is not just the absence of war but it also has to be the presence of harmony between the elements. Aside from the fact that there have been isolated cases of inter-fraternity trouble, there does not exist any system that promotes coexistence to hinder any future conflict. Unknown to many, the experience of nations is comprehensive basis that could be an effective perspective in understanding the dynamics of Inter-Fraternity Relations and in formulating objective resolutions to the problems. The study was directed by three objectives. First, it sought to identify the areas and factors that have, or have the potential to cause tension in the relations of the fraternities to lessen or prevent tension. Two Research Instruments were used in collection of data. Key Informants Interviews (KII) and the survey questionnaires. In line with the research sub-problems, the results of the data-collection may be categorized into three main groupings. First, as with regards to the causes of tension in Inter-Fraternity Relations is the factors in the individual/person level, factors in the level of individual fraternities and factors in the dynamics of the entire fraternity community all have the tendency to be sources of tension. Secondly, as for the factors that lessen or prevent tension in Inter-Fraternity Relations, data of the research shows that interaction of the members of the different fraternities in the dormitories and other organizations and the role of the School Administration are the most prominent factors that lessen the tension in Inter-Fraternity Relations. As for the cause of conflict, the analysis of the results from both methods shows that the respondents believed that the factors that involve greater interaction among fraternities and the role of School Administration were significant factors that will promote peace. Lastly, the analysis of the perception on the use of Inter-Fraternity Relations concepts showed that overwhelming majority of the respondents believed that maintaining positive relationship is an essential component of a harmonious fraternity community; that Idealist practices of addressing the root of the problem before escalation and concept of Inter-Fraternity Council could lessen or prevent tension in Inter-Fraternity Relations and the Realist practices of the alliance between fraternities and deterrence will not be helpful in promoting peace but, rather, will only be sources of tension among the fraternities. In light and the results of this study, the following actions or policy recommendations are suggested. First is that the School Administration should be firm with the implementations of University regulations with regards to inter-fraternities conflict. Second concerned offices should initiate policies to promote interactions among fraternities. Third, fraternities themselves should enhance positive diplomatic relations. Fourth, there should be firm leadership within the fraternities so as to direct to its true objective. Lastly, a legitimate Inter-Fraternity organization should be established. As for recommendations for further study, one is that the results should be verified by a study with a greater number of respondents and secondly records of the University and Miag-ao Police Precinct regarding inter-fraternity conflict should be studied.

    4. An assessment of the Land Transportation and Franchising and Regulatory Board’s (LTFRB) efficiency and Effectiveness in the Enforcement of the Prescribed Fare Matrix by Ferando, Arlene and Lhyni Leda (Polsci- Mgmt)

    The study aimed in assessing the efficiency and effectiveness of Land Transportation and Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB) in the implementation of the order with regards to the prescribed their matrix. There were 186 respondents: 180 for Jaro CPU Ungka and 78 for Jaro Liko. The study used Likert Scale to measure the respondent’s level of awareness regarding the prescribed matrix. The also used Rating Scale in determining the efficiency of LTFRB. Further, an interview was conducted for the Regional Director of the LTFRB. Results shown that the degree of the level of awareness of the individual respondents have significant effect in compliance of the drivers as well as the external factors such as routinization, conformity, penalties, imposed by LTFRB and time pressure. Also, results have shown that the LTFRB was effective and efficient in the information dissemination as evidence by the frequencies generated with regards to the information dissemination of LTFRB, which includes media (T.V. and radio), newspapers, and pamphlets respectively. In support of this, it was also found out that the high level of awareness of respondents was due to LTFRB with regards to the task force and implementations of sanctions by LTFRB, it was concluded that it was ineffective in the enforcement of order. This was based on the results that the primary reason why the drivers complied is conformity followed by the pressure and thirdly, the task force employed by LTFRB, for both routes. Also results have shown that the LTFRB was not able to force the drivers to secure a fare matrix within the specified time. However, the LTFRB was efficient in the enforcement of sanctions and task force. The results on the perception of the drivers pertaining to the efficiency of the task force of the LTFRB was measured to the frequencies of the answers of the respondents of various theories on measuring effectiveness and efficiency. In summary, the study has concluded that the LTFRB is effective and efficient in the information dissemination but not effective and yet efficient in enforcement (task force and sanctions) of the prescribed fare matrix.

    5. The Level of Environmental Management Competency of the Local Chief Executives in the Northwest Panay Peninsula by Gayanilbo, Brian and Rene Alvin Oquendo

    This is a descriptive study of the level of environmental competency of the five local chief executives (LCE) in the Northwest Panay Peninsula. The objectives of the study include 1) to identify the relevant socio-demographic profile of the local chief executives, 2) to find out the LCE’s perception of their environmental functions, 3) to identify the LCE’s personal comprehension of environmental governance, 4) ascertain the LCE’s personal comprehension of environmental management, 5) to determine the LCEs’ perception of their own level of environmental management competency 6) to find out the perception of the employees from concerned departments regarding their respective LCEs’ level of environmental management competency, and 7) to ascertain the implications of the LCEs’ environment competency on local environmental governance. The study utilized the complete enumeration survey method and the respondents were the LCEs and their employees from concerned departments. Self administered questionnaires, unstructured interview schedules and secondary data collection were used as major instruments for data collection. In order to analyze the data, statistical mean was used in order to come up with the overall competency scores. Gamma was used to measure association between socio-demographic variables and level of competence. The findings were 1) age, sex and incumbency had strong association with level of competence, 2) the LCEs perceived their environmental functions to include the protection and conservation of the environment but they did not mention their legal functions, 3) the LCEs defined environmental management were essentially similar to environmental governance, 5) the LCEs ratings of their own level of environmental management competency was slightly higher than those given by their respective employees ranging from good to excellent levels, and 6) the LCEs were conscious of the effects of their competence on the environment but not directly to environmental governance. Bearing in mind the findings of the study, the following recommendations for further study are hereby forwarded: 1) an explanatory study on the factors that influenced the perception of the LCEs and the employees can be done, 2)a comparative study can be done on protected area (PA) and non-protected area (non-PA) municipalities, 3) future studies can include other stakeholders in governance, and 4) folk beliefs on environmental management can be looked at. The following policy recommendations are also encouraged: 1) LCEs should undergo seminars and trainings on environmental governance and environmental management, 2) regular environmental performance appraisal should be adopted by the LGUs, 3) the LCEs should be acquainted with environmental laws, 4) Municipal Environment and Natural Resource Offices’ should be instituted in the municipalities that don’t have them, and 5) employees should undergo environmental trainings.

    6. Women detainees in Bacolod City: Their Perceptions and Concerns Regarding the Right to be Free from Sexual Harassment by Golez, Kriska Gowezt Marie (Polsci-Psych)

    This study intended to identify the perceptions and concerns of women detainees in Bacolod City and what influence such perceptions. It is also sought to find out how specific concerns were being addressed at present and what the women detainees recommended in improving the existing efforts. S a descriptive research, it made used of in-depth interviews. This research was conducted on the women detainees of Bacolod City Jail Negros Occidental with 25% of the total population regarded as respondents. The sampling design of this research was a convenience purposive sampling. In addition to that, ethical considerations were observed. Different themes came about as the concepts of human rights (human rights as an institution, human rights as a rights of a person, human rights as an equality of individuals). Sexual harassment and the right to be free from sexual harassment were introduced. It was found out that all of the respondents were aware of the topic presented to them. They attributed their perceptions to different sources of information which have helped in shaping their understanding of their right against sexual harassment. The different sources includes the T.V., radio, reading materials, school, family planning, peers, personal experience, and the information from the Human Rights symposium that was conducted on a date prior to the conduct of the study. From this perception, various concerns originated. Since majority of the respondents were mothers, fear for their family safety was their main concern. Others are bothered by a feeling of helplessness and inferiority of women. Sexual harassment for the women detainees is n issue that is worth being given attention to, especially the government. While Women’s Desk, barangay, and jail are considered to be responsible with the existing institutional efforts, the respondents also suggested that laws be improved, women be included in the budge, and family be made more aware. The results of this study showed that different sources of information shaped the various perceptions of women detainees in Bacolod City. These perceptions brought about specific concerns which, in turn, generated institutional efforts enabled the women to come up with recommendations on how to better improved the protection of their rights. The research has shown that although some of the respondents may not be well-versed with the concepts, they still have in their own understanding perceptions about the nature of the concepts that were introduced to them. From there, they were able to express their apprehensions regarding their right to be free from sexual harassment and consequently, they were also able to come up with suggestions on how they would feel more secure in society.

    7. Iloilo CODE NGOs Experience in the Advancement of Nine (9) Barangay Development Councils in the Municipality of Batad by Llorca, Andrew Raymond G. (Polsci-Hist)

    The study “Iloilo CODE NGOs Experience in the Advancement of Nine (9) Barangay Development Councils in the Municipality of Batad” is an analysis of NGO involvement and participation in the local public administration process of nine selected barangays in Municipality of Batad. Specifically, their involvement through the “Development of Institutional Mechanisms for Participatory Local Governance through the Strengthening of Barangay Development Councils (BDCs)” program. The activities were involved during their interventions explore the parameters or Key Result Areas that they instituted and spearheaded in their project sites, whether they were successful in inculcating to the barangay leaders and local civil society organizations who are members of the BDCs, and people’s participation from the residents of the community, the importance of NGO-LGU collaboration in formulating and deliberating programs and activities that really address the real interest of the people in bringing out the genuine development. Findings and learnings from the experience as through the perceptions and views of respondents in their study showed that Iloilo CODE NGOs was successful in increasing the awareness of participants of participatory local governance processes especially their rights, roles, functions, and obligations, and mechanisms, and processes involved in barangay administration However, continued intervention is still needed as most target beneficiaries still lack technical expertise to conduct activities of their won.

    8. The Sustainability of Participatory Local Governance in Barangay Quinangyana, Bingawan by Londres, Louie Marie and Natasha Daza (Polsic-Psych)

    This study primarily aimed to determine the sustainability of Participatory Local Governance (PLG) in Barangay Quinangyana through the Ipahayag sa Barangay. Specifically the research sought to address the following objectives: 1) To describe the ipahayag sa Barangay as a PLG mechanism in Brgy Quinangyana, 2) to determine the influences of the Ipahayag sa Brgy on the responsiveness of the Brgy LGU, 3) to determine the influences of the Ipahayag sa Barangay on the people’s participation in governance and service delivery, 4) to predict the sustainability of LPG in Brgy. Quinangyana through the Ipahayag sa barangay. These objectives were addressed throught the use of a survey method and focused group discussion. Secondary data were also obtained to supplement the information needed. Results showed that Ipahayag sa barangay indeed, has an impact on the people’s participation and government responsiveness in service delivery. As for the participation of the people, the respondents were basically aware that interested of the services and they also utilize the said services. In particular, peace and order and water response receive the highest response of awareness, agricultural services, generate the highest response for attitude, and the highest response for utilization were received by the service regarding peace and order. Meanwhile, the barangay LGU was assessed by the respondents to be responsive as indicated by the high response which reveal that the Barangay government was prompt, effective, and satisfactory in delivering the basic social services. However the barangay, was held to ne the most responsive on peace and order service which received the highest response rate with regards to promptness, effectiveness, satisfaction of the constituents in the service library. From these findings, it was concluded that PLG in Brgy. Quinangyana is sustainable through the Ipahayg sa Brgy. However some factors were indentified which could also hamper the further sustainability of PLG in the above mentioned barangay. For the purpose of future studies regarding Participatory Local Governance, the researchers recommend that they: 1) should focus on the aspects of PLG such as planning, decision making, policy implementation and policy monitoring, 2) should cover a broader sample size which enable the researchers to infer data and generalize these as true for the entire population of the locale of the study, and 3) should also look into the association or correlative aspect of people’s participation and government’s responsiveness in pursuit of participatory local governance. With regards to developing new policies related to PLG the researchers recommend the following: 1) mechanisms on effective mobilization of the constituents to be involved in PLG programs such as the Ipahayag sa Barangay should be institutionalized, 2) information dissemination regarding PLG and its workings should be improved through a series of seminars, lectures and for a, and 3) efforts to tap the private sector to get involved in PLG endeavors in order to further strengthen the sustainability of participation in local governance.

    9. Men’s Knowledge, Perception, Attitude and Practice Related to Family Planning: A comparative Study of Barangay Veteran’s Village and Barangay Danao in Iloilo City by Matiling, Lorraine Kier and Jonie Rey Paclibar

    This study aimed to determine and compare the knowledge, perception, attitude and practice of family planning of married men living in Barangay Veterans Village City Proper, which has a family planning program for the past ten years with those of married men living in Brgy. Danao City Proper with no such program. Specifically, the researchers sought to determine the and compare what do married men know about family planning, what is their perception towards family planning, the level of their attitude towards family planning, and their family planning practices. Purposive sampling and lottery sampling, were the sampling techniques used by the proponents of this study. Purposive sampling was used to determine the two communities involved in the study. Lottery sampling on the other hand was used to determine the number of respondents, 198 married men were chosen as respondents in Brgy. Veterans Village and 66 were chosen in Brgy. Danao. Survey questionnaires were used to gather the needed relevant information to the study. Results of the study showed that in terms of their knowledge on family planning, majority of the respondents in both communities have common knowledge although there is a higher similarity among the respondents in Brgy. Veterans Village compared to brgy. Danao. For most of the respondents, family planning involves the use of contraception to limit childbirth. The majority of the respondent’s of Brgy. Veterans Village perceived that family planning is not that important although they think that it is in terms of family’s health. In brgy. Danao, a high proportion of the respondents perceived family planning as important and beneficial. There is a high level of attitude towards family planning found in both barangays. There is a higher percentage of respondents with hight attitude level towards family planning in Brgy veterans rather than in brgy danao. The most common method of family planning practiced by men of both communities was the use of condoms, oral contraceptives and IUDs. The knowledge, perception, attitude and practices of married men of brgy veteran’s village did not differ greatly from those of married men of brgy danao, city proper despite the existence of a family planning program in a community in the latter. The mere existence of a family planning program in a community will not solely affect men’s knowledge, perception, attitude and practices, other factors are to be taken into consideration such as the agents of socialization particularly the media and education. It is recommended that in secondary and in tertiary schools family planning, gender issues, and reproductive health should be incorporated in a basic health related subjects and appropriate social science courses. The use of media should be maximized in disseminating information about Family Planning by program initiators. The dissemination of information should be on a regular and consistent period. An assessment should be conducted on the effectivity of FP programs on an annual basis.

    10. Exploring the Local Dispute Resolution Mechanisms and Disputant’s Perspective Concerning the Siete Pecados Issue by Tortola, Niezel Anen (Polsci-Socio)

    This study sought to explore the local dispute resolution mechanisms which can help address the Siete Pecados issue through looking into the perspective of a disputant concerning that issue. Specifically, the study tried to determine the level of awareness on the Siete Pecados issue of the community and the LGU. It also looked into the community cohesion utilizing the constructive variables of alienation, solidarity, social ties and sense of belonging. The study also tried to ascertain, the forms of local dispute resolution mechanisms present in the community. It likewise sought the community and LGU’s willingness to address the issue using the local dispute resolution mechanisms. The study as well established the association of the research variables. One hundred forty nine (149) respondents from four selected coastal barangays of Dumangas and one (1) local government official was selected through simple random sampling performed as the research respondents. A dichotomous scale marked by “yes” or “no” was utilized to measure the respondent’s level of awareness on the Siete Pecados issue. On the other hand, a five point Likert scale was used to determine the respondent’s level of community cohesion through the variables of alienation, solidarity, social ties, and sense of belonging; and also the respondent’s level of willingness to address the issue using the local dispute resolution mechanisms. Moreover a checklist was employed in order to establish the forms of local dispute resolution mechanism present in Dumangas. Frequency Distribution, Qualitative analysis, and descriptive statistics were used to analyze the results of the study. The spearman rank order coefficient was utilized to determine the association of the variables. Research results showed that that there is significant level of awareness both in the community and in the LGU. The results also presented that alienation is low, solidarity; social ties and sense of belongingness are moderately high which in sum fostered a cohesive community. Moreover the results also provided that there are various forms of local dispute resolution mechanisms being utilized in the community such as Dialogues, Agreements, Negotiations, Meetings, Legislation, Arbitration, Mediation, Seminar, resolution through social courts and others which included Lupon and Pagtitipon. The study also found out that the respondent’s are willing to address the issue using their dispute resolution mechanism. The results further showed that there is a positive association between awareness and willingness, among willingness and solidarity, social ties and sense of belongingness. However there is a negative association between all the other variables and alienation.

  12. Pio Tabernilla II said

    2009 Political Science Thesis Papers
    1) De Eyoy, Brian. The Nature of Muslim Local Political Participation: The Case of Barangay Magdalo, La Paz, Iloilo.

    Abstract:
    “The Nature of Muslim Local Political Participation: The Case of Barangay Magdalo, La Paz, Iloilo” is a qualitative case study of the forms and frequency of Muslim political participation and the persuasions behind them in the basic political unit of the Philippines, the barangay. As part of the rich Philippine subcultures, the dynamics behind Muslims political involvement in a system perceived by some to be a Christian model has been especially interesting. Steps to explore and better understand this dynamics is rooted partly from the stimulating claim of the incompatibility of Islam and Democracy and the less desirable history of Muslim-Christian confrontations in the context of the Philippines as well as the impetus of enhancing local governance through popular participation. And although major headways are always on the ground, further enrichment of the subject’s knowledge base is still significance. This study responds to such call for a deeper understanding. Especially important, it highlights the situation and interactions of a Muslim community lodged in a wider non-Muslim environment in relation to political participation. Apart from the description of the forms and frequency of Muslim local political participation, this study outlines important elements and factors that affect the inclination of Muslims for political involvement in the barangay and identifies the variables that discourage participation. Making use of the two initial data sets on the forms and frequency and the factors affecting participation finally, the study hopes to relate a location-wise approach on enhancing both formal and informal mechanisms for political participation on the Muslim community in Barangay Magdalo, La Paz, Iloilo. The aforementioned objectives were carried and investigated on the field using parameters and appropriate methodologies categorized fitting for a qualitative research. Purposive sampling was used to select the respondents for this study and a survey and key informant interview (KII) were utilized for gathering of data. Lastly, the analysis and presentation of the results are composed partly of a descriptive statistical analysis and elaborations, explanation of meanings in text and tabular forms.
    In terms of local political participation, the lack or absence of resources in the forms of time (most significantly), money and skills has proved to be a major constraint in the case of the Muslims in Barangay Magdalo, La Paz, Iloilo. Clinging to a single representative as well denies ordinary Muslims exposure to barangay officials and governmental processes at the local level. Awareness however of the venues and formal forms of participation is not minimal among the Muslims. In enhancing participation, LGUs could channel their efforts through the mosque where Muslims regularly gather to attend to their religious duties.

    2) Daquipil, Rey J., and Uy, William Jr. The Effect of Resource Appropriation on the Behavior of Mangrove Preservation in Bagong Buswang, Kalibo, Aklan.
    3) Claro, Darleen May, and Negrillo, Sheryl Joy C. The Role of the Local Government Unit in San Remegio Antique in Disaster Relief Operation: the case of Typhoon Frank.
    4) Marmeto, Ma. Angeli, and Parcon, Rushelle. Gender Articulation in the NSTP-ROTC of St. Anthony’s College, San Jose, Antique.
    5) Golingay, Karen, and Minas, JM. The Significance of Philippine Disaster Management Policies and Its Implications to the Role of the World Vision in Iloilo City on Disaster Relief Operations: The Case of Typhoon Frank.
    6) Manjares, Wilmont. An Assessment Study on LGU and TSKI Extension on Financial Services to Improve Community Well-being in Miagao, Iloilo.
    7) Quintana, Michael. The Philippine Electoral Context and Nuisance Candidates.
    8) Bastareche, Katrina, and Quitor, Meachel. Quarrying Operations of the Municipality of Janiuay and Sustainable Development.
    9) Fantilanan, Jahziel, and Sillo, Stephanie. The Political Attitudes of the Beneficiaries in Brgy. Sambag, Jaro, Iloilo City towards the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) Core Shelter Rehabilitation Program.

    Abstract:
    The study focused on the vulnerability of the beneficiaries of the DSWD Core Shelter Rehabilitation Program, a DSWD initiative for Typhoon Frank victims and its relation to their political attitudes towards the program. The measurement that was used was in three aspects- physical/material, attitudinal/motivational, and social/organizational. The three dimensions used to measure political attitudes are the political cognition, political affection, and political participation. The beneficiaries are categorized as having positive, negative, or neutral political attitudes.

    10) Baculna, Jennibeth, and Bayona, SA. A Study Concerning the Political Awareness towards Philippine Political Issues of Overseas Filipino Community and Local Residents of Brgy. Villamonte, Bacolod, Negros Occidental.

    Abstract:
    The thesis study aims to analyze the awareness towards Philippine political issues of the Filipinos who are currently living outside of the Philippines particularly in Canada and Australia and at the same time also look into Bacolod.
    Result of the study was that the political awareness of the local and abroad respondents was based upon their self-interest and personal values. Filipinos from Toowoomba and Quebec were not politically aware as they were busy with work and by that, they only had limited knowledge over the issues of politics in the Philippines. Local Residents were said to be aware of political issues since they were much exposed towards political matters every day.

    11) Espia, Junchris, and Tinas, Tina Mae. Local Government-NGO relationship during the emergency disaster response following the oil spill in Brgy. Tando, Nueva Valencia, Guimaras.
    12) Razon, Zenaida, and Villanueva, Ma. Jade. A Correlational Analysis of the Political Agenda Setting in Panay News and Sunstar Iloilo’s Front Pages and Editorials.

    Abstract:
    The research study analyzed the strength and direction of relationship between the political issues appearing in two community newspapers’ front pages and editorials, and the importance given to them by the selected current barangay officials. A correlational research design was utilized after the content analysis on the appearance of political issues in the front pages and editorials of Panay news and Sunstar Iloilo, and the results of the survey questionnaires on the ranking of the same set of political issues by the current barangay officials of La Paz and Jaro districts.

    Results:
    Positive correlations were noted in the direction of relationship of the two variables based on the type and level of government action and policy although their strength is generally weak and insignificant, except on the type of government action and policy where a very strong relationship was noted, and on the type of political contestation where the variables showed no relationship, at all.

    13) Bebelona, Diana Mae, and Fernandez, Charity. The Effect of NPA Rice Subsidy Program “Tindahan natin” on the Political Attitudes of its Rural Poor Household Beneficiaries in Brgy. Carandan, Janiuay, Iloilo.

  13. Jane and Jeemon said

    (Sir, it seems that our post last July 15, 2010 (Thursday) does not appear here as comment. So, we decided to post it again.)

    Berbolla, Nelry Joy and Juada, Kristine Anne P. Factors affecting the people’s advocacy in Barangay San Pedro, San Jose, Antique.

    Abstract: This study sought to determine the factors that lead people to advocate or not on the issue. It wanted to find out if there was a relationship between (a) educational attainment, (b) annual family income, (c) personal awareness on the issue, and (d) perceived health and environmental advantages or disadvantages and people’s advocacy. The study was conducted in Barangay San Pedro, San Jose, Antique with 320 respondents. Self-administered questionnaires which included a translation in Hiligaynon were given to these respondents. The questionnaire has two parts, (a) the respondents’ educational attainment and annual family income; (b) the Likert-type scale composed of a number of statements designed to determine the relationship of advocacy to personal awareness on the issue, and perceived health and environmental advantages or disadvantages of the issue or project. Hence, the response options of the respondents for this scale were strongly disagree, disagree, neutral, agree, and strongly agree. Using the Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient, the study yielded the following results: a negligible relationship between advocacy and educational attainment, a negligible relationship between advocacy and personal awareness on the issue, and a negligible relationship between advocacy and perceived health and environmental advantages or disadvantages of the issue or project. Simply, out of the lists four factors that may affect the people’s advocacy, only the personal awareness on the issue had the possibility of affecting the people’s advocacy. All the others were proven to have no effect on the people’s advocacy.

    Biboso, Rissa A. And Salar, Edmund B. Factors affecting compliance of Iloilo City jeepney drivers (Molo via City High and Jaro Mandurriao) with the anti-smoking ordinance, an assessment of local government unit (LGU) ordinance implementation.

    Abstract: The study sought to determine the factors affecting compliance of Iloilo City jeepney drivers to the anti-smoking ordinance, as well as assess the implementing mechanisms of the LGU in enforcing the said ordinance. Forty three (43) jeepney drivers plying two routes served as the respondents of the study, seven drivers from the Molo via City High route and thirty six respondents from Jaro Mandurriao. Likert scales were used to measure the respondents’ level of awareness regarding the ordinance and level of perception of legitimacy of authority. On the other hand, rating scales were used to rank the respondents’ reasons for compliance to the anti-smoking ordinance. Results showed that age and educational attainment do not affect the level of awareness and perception of legitimacy of authority of the jeepney drivers. Furthermore, the primary reasons for the jeepney drivers’ compliance to the anti-smoking ordinance were their level of awareness of the ordinance, the P300.00 fine for violators, confiscation of driver’s license and the presence of the Anti-Smoking Task Force. Results showed that the implementing mechanisms employed by the LGU were effective.

    Cadiao, Juna Mae B. and Itona, Mitzi Grace H. Civil Society and the Promotion of Social Capital: A Case study of Parish Pastoral Council for responsible Voting (PPCRV) in Igbaras in 1998 and 2001 local election.

    Abstract: This study looked into the role of PPCRV as a civil society group in promoting social capital by providing substantive knowledge about importance of electoral exercise to democracy, civic duties, and nurturing social relationships. Among the activities of PPCRV are voter’s education, voter’s assistance and poll watching. Of these activities, most members focused more intensively on voter’s education. The members registered over all high levels of social capital. However, trust in the organization and its rules registered high level of approval compared to trust on other members. Cooperation with members in observing organization rules registered higher levels of approval compared to cooperation among members beyond organization rules. Association based on organization is higher compared to association among members beyond organization. Generally, PPCRV has generated a high level of social capital. This high level of social capital prompts members to work steadfastly even in the presence of transportation, financial and logistics constraints. This study examined social capital by surveying thirty-five (35) PPCRV members in Igbaras.

    Daniel, Daniele S. Women elected into public office with women’s agenda in the city of Bacolod.

    Abstract: This is a case study of four women councillors in Bacolod City who ran under women’s agenda from 1992-2001. Using interviews and public documents, the study examined their affiliation with the women’s movement prior to being elected position, their experiences inside the council, the strategies they adopted to overcome male domination and low prioritization of women’s concerns inside the council, and the pro-women ordinances they were able to pass. Before the women councillors’ entry into public office, they were already affiliated with socio-civic organizations and the women’s movement. Their initial experience inside the council was never easy but as their increased, their male colleagues have become more open to the idea of prioritizing women’s concerns. Since 1992, these women councillors initiated and successfully passed thirteen pro-women ordinances, of which seven were substantive. The study reveals that the increasing number of women in the legislature had contributed to the increasing centrality of women’s concerns/issues, resulting to the formulation of more pro-women ordinances.

    Dayo, Ziny B. The anti-smoking ordinance as implemented in the city of Iloilo: A policy analysis.

    Abstract: This study examines the dynamics behind the impact of the two anti-smoking ordinances—No. 84 and No. 2002-225 in Iloilo City. This study aims to explain the factors that influence policy formulation and the effect of policy formulation on implementation of the ordinances banning smoking in public areas in the city. This study utilized the use of primary and secondary date. The researcher used Key Informant Interviews as the primary data gathering mechanism. Through purposive sampling, 39 respondents-7 city councillors, 31 volunteer Task force Against Smoking were interviewed. The agenda setting, formulation and implementation stages are affected by the political behaviour of the legislators and demands from pressure and interest groups. The political will of sponsors as shown in their conviction and support led to the unanimous approval of the ordinance at the legislature. The content of the formulated ordinance affected the implementation process. The anti-smoking initiative receives strong media support and compliance from target groups.

    Del Rosario, Jo-an C. and Gandarosa, Laarani Zorayda S. Gender sensitivity level of the municipal PNP women’s desks in the province of Antique: its implications on the functions and accomplishments of the office.

    Abstract: This is an exploratory study of the gender-sensitivity level of the personnel of the PNP Women’s Desk in the Province of Antique. This study utilized self-administered questionnaires and unstructured interview schedules. The respondents of the study were composed of the personnel=l of the PNP Women’s Desks in the twelve selected municipalities of Antique namely: Sebaste, Culasi, Tibiao, Barbaza,Laua-an, Valderrma, San Remigio, Sibalom, San Jose, Hamtic, Tobias Fornier and Anini-y. Another set of respondents was taken from local government agencies that were tasked to assess the PNP Women’s desks personnel. Some civilians were also tested of their levels of awareness about the PNP Women’s desk. As validity test, the study utilized Pearson product Moment Correlation Coefficient in measuring the relationship between the independent and dependent variables in the study. The study found out those socio-economic factors such as age, income, educational attainment, religion and length of service did not affect the gender-sensitivity level of PNP Women’s Desk Officer. Although the preliminary findings of the study showed that a younger population exhibits high gender-sensitivity, the Product Moment Correlation Coefficient proved it otherwise. Membership in gender-related organizations on the other hand, seemed to affect the gender-sensitivity level of PNP Women’s Desk Officer. Gender-sensitivity of the PNP Women’s Desk in general, seemed to affect the effectivity of the office. Aside from gender-sensitivity, the socio-economic status of the locality, information dissemination campaigns of gender-related issues conducted in the community, and alliances with other government agencies affect the effectivity of the office. It was found out in the study that civilian population were generally unaware of the PNP Women’s Desk and there is a need for further information dissemination campaigns regarding gender-related issues and the roel of PNP Women’s Desk in the communities. In general, the study found out that the PNP Women’s desks in the Province of Antique is ineffective due to a number of factors that were raised by the findings of the study.

    Dela Cruz, Llere Mae T. and Oriel, Venus V. The political integration of the Bukidnons in Garangan, Calinog.

    Abstract: This study sought to know the extent of political integration of the indigenous group, Bukidnons, in Garangan, Calinog, Iloilo, vis-a-vis the mainstream Filipino Society. Moreover, the study was done in order to present the Bukidnon’s views regarding political integration. This study was exploratory in nature, which utilized the unstructured interview to gather data from the identified respondents in Garangan, Calinog, Illoilo. The interview was conducted on 147 respondents aging 15-66. Direct observation together with the field notes and diary were also used. The gathered data were documented on paper. For the purposes of analysis and discussion, the gathered data were organized in tables and themes. The study showed that socio-demographic factors such as the educational attainment and status and rank affected the Bukidnon’s willingness and receptivity to political integration. Their educational attainment affects their view on nationalism, their awareness on national identity, their participation in national and local political processes, their acceptance of present social, economic, and political conditions, and their views on contemporary issues and problems. Bukidnons with higher educational attainment have greater knowledge regarding the country, government, and political integration as a whole. Bukidnons who are equipped with higher educational attainment are also receptive to changes whatever it would be and find solutions to the problems that may accompany. Aside from educational attainment, the study shows that Bukidnons with higher status and rank in their community are more aware of the things mentioned and they have more knowledge regarding the community and government as a whole. They want to be integrated because for them it signifies development and alleviating their standard of living. The findings of the study showed that the Bukidnons more likely wanted political integration but the problem lies on the attention given to them by the government because they are considered marginalized, living in the interior are of Central Panay. But there is a greater possibility that political integration would be easy because there are some indicators that they would be politically integrated in the mainstream society, however, it would become static if the government will not take initiative to bring them into the mainstream since as stated earlier, government plays a significant role in the Bukidnons’ political integration. Government’s effective strategies would be: encouraging Bukidnons to participate in socio-economic activities outside their barangay, appointing political authorities over them, imposing state’s legal judicial system properly and establishing necessary infrastructure such as roads, electricity, schools and water system would lead a way to their integration. Roads could bridge the possibility of frequent interaction with the mainstream this encouraging political integration. Moreover, schools are necessary because education plays a major role in the political integration of the Bukidnons.

    Dolendo, Sigrid Mae M. and Grino, Leonard A. Police organizational structure and policies, and the “socio-political culture” of the two communities in Iloilo City proper: their influence on police strategy and discretion.

    Abstract: This study examined how police beat officers behave and act accordingly and adaptively to fulfil their tasks as affected by political factors such as the established policies and organizational structure and the social-political character of the communities from where they operate. Utilizing key-informant interviews, community profiling, ocular inspection and secondary data reviews as data gathering methods, this research particularly addressed the following themes: (1) how the police behaves in the field on the context of police discretion and strategy, (2) the influence of the police organizational structure, rules, and policies on police strategy and discretion, and (3) the influence of the “socio-political culture” on police strategy and discretion. The beat officers are aware of the procedures they should follow set by the police organization in responding to a crime. However, police officers usually curb such protocol and procedures to suit the strategy of the law enforcer. The influence of the “socio-political culture” of the community is evident in that beat officers usually adapt to the kind and character of the community they function. The officers would devise strategies through their own initiatives that would be adept and effective to the socio-political character of the community. The organizational structure, policies and rules of the police precinct are limited to creating guidelines to harness police jobs and check police actions. The character of the community and the socio-political factors present in the area of operation largely define the extent to which the police acts – to arrest, search, apprehend, seize, or to deploy unconventional strategies.

    Fara-on, Aubry F. The role of Banate Bay Resource management Council, Inc. in the promotion of social capital of fisher folks in Banate Philippines.

    Abstract: The study aimed to (1) determine the degree of understanding, usage and promotion of social capital of the Banate Bay resource management Council, (2) determine and analyse the level of horizontal social capital operating before and during the operation fo BBRMCI as evaluated by the fisher folks of Banate, (3)determine and analyze the level of vertical social capital operating before and during the operation of BBRMCI as evaluated by the fisher folks of Banate, and (4) evaluate the effects of social capital development promoted by the BBRMCI on the lives of the fisher folks of Banate.
    The methods applied to answer the objectives of the study include secondary data analysis, key informant interview and structured interview (open and close-ended questions and statements). The structured interview was designed to elicit fisher folks perceptions on the levels of their social capital and the benefits they acquired. The questionnaire is composed of statements in the form of a Likert Scale and questions to measure the level of social capital of fisher folks before and during the operation of BBRMCI.
    The respondents of the study are members of the Barangay Fisheries and Aquatic Resource Management Councils of Banate, Iloilo which are also registered members of the BBRMCI. They were made to answer the structured survey questionnaire individually. The Executive Director of BBRMCI was chosen as the key informant of this study.
    The study observed that the BBRMCI is promoting social capital implicitly and unconsciously through its programs and projects. Respondents also perceived that although Banate Bay is properly managed by BBRMCI, still a majority perceived that their lives are much better before the opertation of the BBRMCI. Results also showed the level of horizontal and vertiacal social capital of the fisher folks increased during the operation of the BBRMCI and a majority of the respondents have acquired benefits from the programs and projets of the BBRMCI. Apparently, less than half of the total respondents believed that their lives improved because of the benefits acquired from BBRMCI.

    Focbit, Jayrose P. and Llamo, Quincy F. Socio civic involvement of the military in Camp general Macario Peralta Jr., Jamindan, Capiz.

    Abstract:The military refers to a professional organization possessing skills in the use and management of violence. The traditional role of the military is to defend and protect the country from external threats and aggressions. They have become involved in yet another non-traditional, which is being catalyst of progress. They engaged in various socio-civic activities in the community.
    Several studies have been conducted on the Philippine military. These studies are confined to the military’s historical, political, organizational and institutional structures. So far, only a few numbers of empirical studies have been made focusing on the social dimension of the military. This is a descriptive study on the socio-civic involvement of the military in Camp General Macario Peralta Jr., Jamindan, Capiz. The study was conducted among 82 randomly selected civilian respondents from Brgy. Jaena Norte, Jamindan, Capiz and 100 military respondents from various units of the 3rd Infantry (Spearhead) Division of Camp Peralta. An interview guide for civilian respondents and survey questionnaires for the military respondents were utilized for data collection.
    The results of the study showed that the military of the 3rd Infantry (Spearhead) Divion in Camp Peralta perform various socio-civic activities. The military has a very positive perception towards the performance of the socio-civic activities. The primary consideration of the military respondents in determining the area for civic activities are recipients belonging to the poor and unprivileged areas with no access to government services and other agencies. They coordinated with the NGOs, LGU, Pos and other government agencies and Barangay officials in informing the civilians with regards to the conduct of socio-civic avtivities. The primary reason of the military for conducting CIVAC is to bring government services and other programs closer to the people in order to help improve the living conditions. There is significant difference in the perception of the civilian respondents before and after the military’s performance of socio-civic activities. The civilian’s perception became more positive towards the military. Furthermore, most of these civilian respondents participate in civic activities of the military.

    Gestoso, Sheila May C. and Villagracia, Eileen M. Conflict mangagement in Iloilo City: A case study, on Mayor jerry P. Trenas leadership, in implementing urban development and housing act of 1992.

    Abstract: The study describes and examines the political leadership style and conflict management skills and technique of Iloilo City Mayor Jerry P. Trenas in addressing urban squatting problems of Brgy. North Fundidor, Molo and Brgys. San Nicola, Railway and Rizal of La Paz. Using interviews, public documents and news paper archival research, this study documented the Iloilo City government’s initiatives in solving the squatting problems and the Mayor’s involvement in dealing with the conflict between opposing parties of these contested private and public lands. The finding of the study was that Mayor Trenas was able to reduce squatting-related conflicts within a manageable level. However, he was ineffective in delivering the demands of the urban poo squatters, which resulted in escalating the conflict to politically unfavourable outcomes. Therefore, in a decentralized government, the inefficient and ineffective delivery of goods and services to the urban poor by the local chief executive through delegation conversely reflects an ineffective political leadership.

    Go, Ruby Jane M. and Lopez, Charlene Joy R. The intra-civil society relations and the role of civil society groups in Philippine democratization from 1986 to 2001: a perspective from city of Iloilo.

    Abstract: This study examines the relationship between and among civil society groups (CSGs) including religious institutions or traditional non-government organizations (TANGOs) and ideological forces in Iloilo City, as well as the role of the said civil society groups in relation to the Philippine democratization from 1986 to 2001.
    The subjects of this study are religious institutions and ideological forces of the national and social democratic leaning, and the group’s respective key leaders. The leaders, who were visible from democratic transition to consolidation and only during consolidation, were interviewed. The conduct of the study was held from November 2003 to February 2004 in the city of Iloilo.
    This study found out that the relations between Iloilo-based CSGs after 1986 were affected by the ideological split at the national level of their organizations. In order to ease the conflict between the two forces, religious institutions intervened as mediator. All of the CSGs had their own strategies in uniting with each other for a common cause and made alliances and coalitions. The findings about the participation of the Catholic Church in Iloilo during the democratic transition deviated from the mainstream analysis, which says that the Church was the major active proponent for anti-dictatorship actions.

    Jallorina, Stephanie L. and Nerplol, Rona N. An evaluation of the effectiveness of Iloilo city government in regulating solid waste disposal on selected barangays in Iloilo city proper.

    Abstract: This study is an evaluation of how effective is the Iloilo City government in regulating solid waste disposal in Barangay Danao and among 33 household and 27 commercial establishments of Barangay Flores. Personal interviews with the heads of the Office of Public Services, Department of Environment and Natural Resources-Environmental Management Bureau, Department of Health-Environmental Sanitation Inspection, City Environmental and Natural Resources Office and J.S. Layson and Co. Inc. We conducted to solicit substantial information about the regulation and regulatory mechanisms. Secondary data and library materials were also utilized as references for the casual study. The study utilizes the Likert-type scale as the statistical tool fot the survey results.
    Based on findings, collection of fees is the only mechanism employed by the city to regulate solid waste disposal. The respondents of two barangays do not have a sense of responsibility towards their garbage at pre-collection stage. It was found out that solid waste management programs are poorly implemented, thus, people do not segregate and recycle their garbage. Moreover, no legislation has been pursued for a decade and even under the current administration. The city adopts antiquated ordinances and national environmental laws.
    The city government is rated “more effective” because of limited logistics and budget. Despite the local initiatives and coordination of the regulatory institutions, solid waste problem is still an issue in the city.

    Jamolangue, Mila Mae L. and Torril, Jennifer M. Awareness and political participation of local rice farmers in Passi City on local government extension programs.

    Abstract: The study sought to determine and describe the structure of relationship between the awareness and political participation of the local rice farmers of Passi City in the implementation of local government extension programs. The study also aims to determine the significance of certain socio-economic characteristics (age, income, number of years in rice farming, educational attainment) to the level of awareness and political participation of the respondents. The participants of the study constituted eighty-two (82) local rice farmers coming from Brgy. Pagaypay, Brgy. Sto. Tomas and Brgy. Gemat-y.
    A survey questionnaire was constructed to measure the awareness and political participation of local rice farmers’ visa-avis the local government extension programs. The responses were analyed using Factor Analysis and Canonical Correlation Analysis. A structured interview was also utilized to gather qualitative data from the key informant local rice farmers of the study to supplement the quantitative analysis derived from the responses in the survey questionnaire.
    The study showed that awareness positively translates into political participation.

    Padilla, Agnes L. and Torres, Laisa Flor M. The participation of PO, DENR, and LGU in the Community-Based Forest management program towards sustainable forest management in Maasin.

    Abstract: This study aims to determine the role, functions and level of participation of PO, DENR and LGU in the Community Based Forest Management Program Towards Sustainable Forest Management.
    The study was conducted in the Municipality of Maasin particularly where the CBForM Program was implemented. There were 28 purposively chosen respondents in the study. Six were from DENR, 19 from the PO and 4 from the LGU. They were given questionnaires that would assess their participation in the program and questionnaires that would also assess the participation of the two other actors. Their participation was assessed based on their performance in of their roles and functions as stipulated in the program. Further, criteria were set in quantifying their participation. For the PO, the criteria were participation in the implementation of the program, participation in terms of legal compliance, and participation in terms of rendering support to the organization. For the DENR, the criteria included participation in the implementation of the program, participation in terms of rendering support to the PO and participation in terms of monitoring and evaluation. And for the LGU, the criteria were participation in terms of rendering support for the program, participation in the monitoring and evaluation and participation in terms of establishing linkages with other institutions.
    It was found out that the KAPAWAand the DENR have high level of participation while the LGU’s participation was rated average.

    Palmares, Louie P. and Suyo, Ferdie D. The dynamics of local functionalism in the first district of Iloilo and its significance to the national party system.

    Abstract: This study is an introspection on the dynamics of factions in the First District of Iloilo in the 1980, 1992, and 1998 elections. This study explores and analyzes factional dynamics in line with Carl Lande’s theory on the reciprocal-causal relationship between the national party and local faction.
    This study was conducted from October 2003 to February 2004 in the First District of Iloilo which is composed of seven (7) municipalities namely: Oton, Tigbauan, Guimabal, Tubungan, Igbaras, Miag-ao, San Joaquin. Structured and non-structured interview schedules were utilized to gather related information from twenty-six (26) respondents who participated in varying degrees during the 1980, 1992, and 1998 elections. Persons, who did not participated directly in the elections but have been part of the factions, were also interviewed. Documents from COMELEC, Manila as well as Municipal Planning and Development Office (MPDO) of the seven municipalities, articles from archival research and library materials were also utilized.
    There was no election contest to divide the First District into two or more factions during the 1980 election. The 1992 and 1998 elections however, was characterized by bifactionalism in the District. The First District was divided into two factions: the Pro-Garin and the Anti-Garin factions. These local factions exist to serve as election machinery of the national parties and of candidates for congressional post. Support for national party does not strictly follow partisan considerations but availability of campaign funds and other prospective rewards in the event of electoral victory by Presidential candidates. While factions and parties exist for mutual coordination, there is no reciprocal-causal relationship that exist between them.

    Sembrano, Jennylou and Quidet, Magnolia T. The role of leadership in promoting peace and order: a case study of the regime of Mayor Rodrigo Duterte in Davao City (1988-2004).

    Abstract: With the passage of the 1991 Local Government Code, there was a transfer of power from the national to the local government. In this regard, local leaders are given more authority in governing their respective communities. Political leadership in this case becomes more critical. In the case of political instability, local leaders are compelled to use their ingenuity, audacity and willingness to address crises situations.
    This is a case study of Davao Mayor Rodrigo Duterte’s strategies to improve the peace and ‘order situation of Davao City. Through interviews and newspaper archival research, this study sought to examine the controversial dimensions of his strategies; the changes in the peace and order situation in Davao City before and during his terms; and the local constituent’s perception on the peace and order measure taken by him. It also examines the relationship among the local mayor, the PNP and the military with regards to their efforts in achieving peace and order. This study also seeks to explain the relationship between the leadership of the local chief executive, the establishment of peace and order and the legitimacy of his leadership.
    Mayor Duterte- with his distinctive styles and trategies in promoting peace and order is highly successful in combating insurgency related crimes and street crimes such as theft, robbery drugs, etc. Although he is alleged to have strategy that questions human right violation (the notorious Davao Death Squad), there was no public outcry and he was well accepted by his constituents – as shown in by the number of terms he was re-elected into office and the massive votes he obtained during the past election years.

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